Listening Comprehension(20 minutes)
Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be . After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example:You will hear:
M: When shall we start our work, Jane?
W: Tomorrow at 9 o’clock. But we must work quickly, for we have to finish everything before 2 in the afternoon.
Q: For how long can they work?
You will read:
A) 2 hours.
B) 3 hours.
C) 4 hours.
D) 5 hours.
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D)“5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose ［D］ on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
Sample Answer ［A］ ［B］［C］［D］
A) A drug store. B) A hospital.
C) A supermarket. D) A clothes shop.
A) Clean air. B) Friendly folks.
C) Freshness. D) Peaceful surroundings.
A) Buy a ticket. B) Leave at once.
C) Get ready immediately. D) Call a taxi.
A) Stay at home and review the lesson.
B) Stay at home and have a good rest.
C) Go somewhere else.
D) Go to the concert tomorrow.
A) There is a flood every two years.
B) The flood is the worst ever since sixties.
C) There is a serious drought.
D) There is a severe flood.
A) The woman is an excellent cook.
B) The woman is a housewife.
C) Mary helped a lot in cooking the dish.
D) The woman has never cooked before.
A) He had to rewrite his essay.
B) He thought it better not to take part in the party.
C) He forgot about the English Evening.
D) His supervisor wanted to talk to him.
A) He has failed in the exam.
B) He has lost in the game.
C) He couldn’t represent his team.
D) The track meet had been cancelled.
A) To return the shoes and get the refund.
B) To buy another pair of shoes.
C) To change the shoes for another style.
D) To change the shoes for a different color.
A) He has some trouble with his parents.
B) His parents had a quarrel.
C) He and his wife might have had a quarrel.
D) His wife and his parents might have disagreed with each other.
Directions:In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. Then listen to the passage again. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Urban life has always involved a balancing of opportunities and __(11) __against dangers and stress; its __(12) __ force is, in the broadest sense, money. Opportunities to make money mean competition and competition is stressful; it is often at its most intense in the largest cities, where opportunities are greatest. The presence of huge numbers of people inevitably involves more conflict, more traveling, the __(13) __ of public services and __(14) __ to those __(15) __ and criminals who are drawn to the rich pickings of great cities. Crime has always __(16) __ in the relative anonymity of urban life, but today’s ease of movement makes its control more difficult than ever; there is much evidence that its extent has a direct relationship to the size of the communities. City __(17) __ may become trapped in their homes by the fear of crime around them.
As a defense against these developments,__(18) __:contacts with other people are generally made brief and impersonal;doors are kept locked;telephone numbers may be exdirectory;Journeys outside the home are usually hurried,rather than a source of pleasure.__(19) __.Furthermore,all these defensive forms of behavior are harmful to society in general;they cause widespread loneliness and destroy the community’s concern for its members.__(20)__.
18.city dwellers tend to use various strategies to try and reduce the pressures upon themselves.
19.There are other strategies, too, which are positively harmful to the individual, for example, reducing awareness through drugs or alcohol.
20.Lack of informal social contact and indifference to the misfortunes of others, are amongst the major causes of urban crime.