2017年6月英语四级翻译答案(全三套,文都)

【翻译原文】
长江是亚洲最长、世界上第三长的河流。长江流经多种不同的生态系统,是诸多濒危物种的栖息地,灌溉了中国五分之一的土地。长江流域(river basin)居住着中国三分之一的人口。长江在中国历史、文化和经济上起着很大的作用。长江三角洲(delta)产出近20%的中国国民生产总值。几千年来,长江一直被用于供水、运输和工业生产。长江上还坐落着世界最大的水电站。

【参考译文】
Changjiang is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world. Changjiang flows through a wide range of ecology systems, is inhabited by multiple endangered species and irrigates one fifth of China’s land. The Changjiang river basin accommodates one third of China’s population. Changjiang plays a prodigious role in China’s history, culture and economy. Nearly 20% of China’s GDP is produced here. During the past thousand years, Changjiang has played a vital part in irrigation, transport and industrial production. Besides, there locates the greatest hydropower station in the world.

【翻译原文】
黄河是亚洲第三、世界第六长的河流。“黄”这个字描述的是其河水浑浊的颜色。黄河发源于青海,流经九个省份,最后注入渤海。黄河是中国赖以生存的几条河流之一。黄河流域(river basin)是中国古代文明的诞生地,也是中国早期历史上最繁荣的地区。然而,由于极具破坏力的洪水频发,黄河曾造成多次灾害。在过去几十年里,政府采取了各种措施防止灾害发生。

【参考译文】
The Yellow River is the third longest river in Asia and the sixth longest in the world. The word “yellow” refers to the muddy water of it. The River,originating from Qinghai,flows through nine provinces, and finally pours into the Bohai Sea. It is one of several rivers for the Chinese to live on. “The river basin” is not only the birthplace of the ancient Chinese civilization,but also the most prosperous region in the early history of China. However, because of the frequent devastating floods, it has caused disasters many times. In the past few decades, the government has taken a variety of measures to prevent the disaster.


【试题评析】
今年的大学英语四级翻译真题从选材上来看继续延续了之前的出题风格,依然是和中国特色及传统文化有关。去年的四级翻译真题就考过“黄色的象征”,“在中国文化中,黄颜色是一种很重要的颜色,因为它具有独特的象征意义。”从句子翻译的难度上看,四级对翻译能力的考查注重的是基本能力,没有太复杂的结构,比如大家很熟悉的not only... but also 的并列不就又出现了嘛!还有,遇到多个汉语谓宾结构时要注意分词结构的使用,这一直是语法当中要求要掌握的重点。所以之后备考大学英语四六级的同学们一定要好好学习历年英语四六级真题,因为会出现重复题材或者重复句型结构哦!

【题目】
珠江是华南一大河系,流经广州市,是中国第三长的河流,仅次于长江和黄河。珠江三角洲(delta)是中国最发达的地区之一,面积约11,000平方公里。它在面积和人口方面也是世界上最大的城市聚集区。珠江三角洲九个最大城市共有5,700多万人口。上世纪70年代末中国改革开放以来,珠江三角洲已成为中国和世界主要经济区域和制造中心之一。

【参考译文】
The Pearl River, an extensive river system in southern China, flows through Guangzhou City. It is China’s third-longest river which is only after the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. The Pearl River Delta (PRD) is one of the most developed regions in China with an area of about 11,000 square kilometers. It is the largest urban area in the world in both size and population. The nine largest cities of PRD have a population of over 57 million in total. Since China's reform and openness was adopted by the Chinese government in the late 1970s, the Delta has become one of the leading economic regions and a major manufacturing center of China and the world.

【部分结构翻译】
河系:river system;
珠江三角洲:The Pearl River Delta;
城市聚集区:the largest urban area;
中国改革开放:China's reform and openness;
长江:the Yangtze River;
中国最发达的地区之一:one of the most developed regions in China;

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