2016.12 CET4四级仔细阅读真题参考答案(文都)

2016年12月17日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,本站第一时间收集整理不同版本试题,供考生参考,以下是2016年12月英语四级真题(文都教育版):

【参考答案】

46. [B] He intends to get rid of the tipping practice.
47. [C] It forces the customer to compensate the waiter.
48. [D] They can have some say in how much their servers earn.
49. [A] Services quality has little effect on tip size.
50. [D] Waiters should be paid by employers instead of customers.

【答案解析】

46.根据题目中的Bill Perry这个专有名词,我们可以定位到文中的第一段话。在But后面有提到“我能告诉你我喜欢这个小伙子。因为他打算禁止付小费这种情况,而赞成给服务员实际的工资”。B选项和这句话的含义接近,get rid of意为“摆脱”,和ban“禁止”含义相近;plan to和intend to含义一样。所以正确答案为B.

47.根据题干中的关键词the author hates tipping和main reason可以返回原文,定位到第三段。文中说“我讨厌它,因为它将义务伪装成一种选择。”既然是义务,那必然是强迫顾客去做的事情,这和C选项的含义较为接近。

48.根据关键词many people love tipping返回原文,我们可以定位至第四段。根据文中第二行的You like to feel that you have a voice in how much money your server makes.可知,这题应该选择D选项。

49.文中问的是调查中一些服务员的观点,这在第五段的最后一句话中有所体现,文中说:一些服务员不认为他们的工作会受到收到的消费的影响。

50.本题问作者的观点,切记文中无人认领的观点便是作者的观点。在第六段的末尾有提到说,作者支持Bill Perry的观点,而Bill的观点就和D选项是近义表达。

【参考答案】

51. [C] The impact of cheap oil on global economic growth.
52. [D] Consumers will spend their savings from cheap oil on other commodities.
53. [C] They use their money reserves to back up consumption.
54. [B] Its negative effects more than cancel out its positive effects.
55. [C] Oil importers account for a larger portion of the global economy.

答案解析:

51. [C] The impact of cheap oil on global economic growth.

解析:本题是主旨题,原文第一段表示“过去油价下降总是刺激世界经济增长,但是即使现在油价下降越来越多,最新对经济增长的预测却不容乐观,这意味着更低的油价和增长之间的关系削弱了吗?”这第一段点明了主题,后面的段落都是在讨论油价下降为什么以前可以刺激经济增长,而现在却不再能刺激经济增长了。可以看出是C是正确答案。

52. [D] Consumers will spend their savings from cheap oil on other commodities.
解析:根据原文第二段 “some experts say there are still good reasons to ... They spend that money on other things, which stimulates the economy”,可以看出是D正确选项。

53. [C] They use their money reserves to back up consumption.
解析:根据原文第三段中“draw on their reserves to support government spending and subsidies for their consumers”,可以看出C是正确选项。

54. [B] Its negative effects more than cancel out its positive effects.
解析:根据原文第五段中“the negative effects of plunging oil prices are overwhelming the positive effects of cheaper oil”可以看出B是正确选项。

55. [C] Oil importers account for a larger portion of the global economy.
解析:根据原文第六段中“so the nations suffering from the price drop account for a larger share of the global economy”,可以看出是C正确选项。

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