英语四级词汇训练复习六

1. He arrived very late at night, in the early hours this morning.
  A) in conclusion B) or rather C) on the whole D) by and large

  2. Mother always taught me to be thrifty and not to live .
  A) beyond my means B) out of place C) at my leisure D) around the clock

  3. President Banda’s background as a doctor has given him into the medical problems that face the country.
  A) a view B) a vision C) an insight D) a sight

  4. In New York there is a shifting population of vagrants usually with an unhealthy for alcohol.
  A) attitude B) aptitude C) appetite D) altitude

  5. Cars and motorcycles are similar they are both privately owned means of transport.
  A) so that B) in that C) for that D) in which

  6. The exhibition of poor sportsmanship a sense of disgust in all who witnessed it.
  A) rose B) arose C) aroused D) raised

  7. When the nurse took his temperature, it was two degrees above .
  A) regular B) ordinary C) average D) normal

  8. The traveler looks like an Englishman, but his foreign accent gave him .
  A) away B) out C) off D) over

  9. We Americans do a lot of business lunch, but people here prefer to tell stories.
  A) in B) over C) within D) without

  10. He just cannot to the different life style here in America.
  A) alter B) modify C) adapt D) adopt

  答案与解析:
  1.C.短语辨析A) in conclusion表示“在结束时,最后”;B) or rather表示“更准确地说”;C) on the whole表示“总的说来”;D) by and large表示“大体上,总的来说”。他夜里很晚才到,或者更确切地说是今早凌晨时分。


  2.B.介词词组辨析A) live beyond one’s means“入不敷出”;B) out of place“不合适的,不恰当的”;C) at one’s leisure“在某人空闲时或方便时”;D) around the clock“连续一整天或一昼夜”work around the clock昼夜连续工作。
  妈妈总是教育我要节俭,不要入不敷出。

  3.C.名词辨析四选词的含义分别为:A)a view“一种观点;一个景色”;B)a vision“一种见解,远见”;C)an insight“一种洞察力”;D)a sight“视力;视界,视野”;根据句意答案应是an insight, give sb. an insight into sth意思为“使某人洞察到或深刻体察到某事物”。Banda总统当医生的背景使他洞察到这个国家面临的健康问题。

  4.A.形近名词辨析attitude“态度”,应与介词to/towards搭配;aptitude“才能,天资”;appetite“胃口,欲望”; altitude“高度,海拔”。 在纽约,有一批四处漂泊的流浪汉,他们通常对酒怀有一种不健康的嗜好。

  5.C.连词辨析so that表示目的;in that为复合连词,表示“由于,因为”,同because一词;for 后不能用that从句。小汽车和摩托车相似之处在于它们都是私人拥有的交通工具。

  6.C.同源动词辨析首先区分一下词性,A、的B两词为不及物动词,C、的D两词为及物动词。再区分各词的词义:A)rose“升起,起来;起床,上升,上涨”;B)arose“出现,产生,起来”;C)aroused“激起,引起”;D)raised“抬起,举起,提高;筹(钱);抚养”。运动员所表现出来的拙劣赛风引起了所有观众的厌恶。

  7.B.近义形容词辨析四选词的意思分别是:A)regular “有规律的,同期的,定期的”;B)ordinary“普通的,平常的”;C)average“平均的,一般标准的”;D)normal“正常状态的,通常的”。 护士给他量体温时,温度超出正常体温两度。

  8.D.短语动词辨析give away“泄露(秘密),出卖”;give out“分发”;give off“发出(光,热,气)”;give over“交,托”。 这位旅行者看来像英国人,但他的外国口音让人听出他不是英国人。

  9.D.介词辨析介词over有许多用法和许多含义,其中一种意思就是“在…期间”,类似in the course of。我们美国人在吃中饭时谈生意,但这儿的人更喜欢讲故事。

  10.D.动词辨析alter表示“改变,改装,修改”,名词为alteration;modify表示“修改,修饰”,名词为modification; adapt表示“使适应,改编”,名词为adaptation;adopt表示“采纳,收养”,名词为adoption。他就是无法适应美国的不同的生活方式。


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