2016年6月18日大学英语四级真题答案与解析

写作题目:
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to express your thanks to one of your friends who helped you most when you were in difficulty. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

今年四级时隔九年之后首次考了一道应用文写作,虽然出乎意料,但是大家可以根据题干中的关键词“letter”迅速判断今年要写的是书信。书信本身难度不大,但是需要特别注意英文书信的书写格式。

一、四级书信格式要求

1、抬头:收件人的姓名
2、正文:三段式
3、落款:祝福(yours sincerely)+写信人名

二、感谢信格式模板:

Dear ______,

I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude for __________________(感谢的原因). If it had not been for your assistance in __________________(对方给你的具体帮助), I fear that I would have been___________________(没有对方帮助时的后果).

No one would disagree that it was you who___________________________(给出细节).

Again, I would like to express my warm thanks to you! Please accept my gratitude. Best wishes.

Yours sincerely,
Li Ming

(注意:抬头的Dear+人名顶格靠左写,后面一定要加逗号!落款yours sincerely和写信人名顶格靠右写,yours sincerely后面也一定要加逗号!Yours sincerely为书信的惯用套话,这个必须得有!)

三、真题解析

再来看看今天第三套试卷的写作。写作要求让自己写一封感谢信来表达你对帮助自己克服困难的朋友的感谢。虽然书信大家可能在复习的时候准备的较少,但其实只要抓住了书信的基本格式,即多了抬头和落款,正文的写作应该较为简单,尤其是第二段,大家可以按照熟悉的原因分析段的方式来写。

1、写作思路:
第一段:表明对朋友的感谢并点题;
第二段:朋友用哪些方式帮我在哪些方面克服了困难
第三段:再次表示对朋友诚挚的感谢并祝愿朋友身体健康。

2、范文:

Dear Tom,

I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude for your great help when I failed that vital English interview. If it had not been for your assistance in giving me those brilliant suggestions and warm encouragement, I fear that I would have lost my way.

No one would disagree that it was you who stayed with me and pulled me through the hard time. First and foremost, you told me it is the priority for me to calm down. This is due to the fact that the ability to stay sober and positive made me come up with quite a few ideas to cope with the consequence that failure triggered. Furthermore, you made me learn to analyze my lack of interview skills and find solutions. Plenty of evidence has shown that this work played an indispensable role in my success the next year. Last but not the least, you helped to build my confidence.

Again, I would like to express my warm thanks to you! Please accept my gratitude. Best wishes.

Yours sincerely,
Li Ming



选词填空

一、文章主旨:

根据首句,我们可以看到整篇文章的主旨意思:physical activity does the body good, and there’s growing evidence that it helps the brain too.(身体活动对身体活动有好处,越来越多的证据显示它对大脑也有好处),所以我们可以知道整篇文章实际是在讨论身体活动与大脑活动相关的影响。

二、对15个选项进行词性分类

A. n
B. adv
C. n
D. v-ing
E. v-ing
F. adj
G. adj
H. v
I. n
J. adv
K. adv
L. n
M. v
N. v
O. v

三、判断空格词性

26. , ___ to have higher GPAs and better scores 固定搭配 tend to 倾向于
答案:O

27. In a ___ of 14 studies that 空格词性为名词 ,备选项有 ACIL A. 出席,出勤 C 趋势 I 心境 L 表现
答案:C

28. physical activity and academic ___ 空格词性为名词,备选项有 A I L
答案:A

29. , ___ in the basic subjects of math, 空格词性为副词,备选项有BJK
答案:K

30. schools struggle to ___ on smaller budgets. 空格词性为动词原形 备选项有HMN
答案:N

31. With standardized test scores in the U.S. ___ in recent years, 空格词性为动词ing,备选项有DE
答案:E

32. exercise and academics may not be ___ exclusive. 空格词性为副词,备选项有BJ
答案:J

33. can improve blood ___ to the brain 空格词性为动词 备选项有 DHM
答案:H

34. ,which are ___ to learning. 空格词性为形容词 备选项有FG
答案:F

35. can improve ___ and relieve stress. 空格词性为名词,备选项有IL
答案:L

篇章阅读第二篇



51. A
解析:审题,问的是这个研究的目的,根据题干中的大写字母JAGS定位到第一段,JAGS looked at this question那一句,可以发现研究的目的是为了回答这个问题,由此可知就是上文提到的两个问题,所以是跟personality affect longevity 有关的,答案选A

52. D
解析:审题,根据outgoing and sympathetic people 定位到第二段,由最后一句话可知 作者暗示这些人是更有可能度过艰难时期的人。答案选D

53. C
解析:审题,finding 研究发现,out of our exception 出乎我们的意料的,所以结合题文同序原则定位到第三段,一开头就出现了however,所以出乎意料的是有一些你认为有利的人格却对长寿没有影响。后面接着就举例说明了。答案选C

54. D
解析:关键词定位到倒数第二段,研究发现母亲的人格对孩子的寿命有影响,选D

55. B
解析:定位到最后一段,说明身、心健康二者才是促成长寿的原因。

翻译:乌镇是浙江的一座古老水镇,坐落在京杭大运河畔。这是一处迷人的地方,有很多古桥,中式旅馆和餐馆。在过去一千多年里,乌镇的水系和生活方式并未经历多少变化,是一座展现古文明的博物馆。乌镇所有房屋都用石木建造。数百年来,当地人沿河边建起了住宅和集市。无数宽敞美丽的庭院藏身于屋舍之间,游客们每到一处都会有惊喜的发现。

Wuzhen, an ancient waterside town in Zhejiang Province, is located by the Great Canal. It is a charming scenic spot with numerous old bridges, hotels and restaurants of Chinese style. In the past more than 1,000 years, the water system and life style in Wuzhen has experienced few changes, which is a museum unfolding the ancient civilization. All the houses there are constructed with stones and wood. For hundreds of years, the locals have built dwellings and markets along the river banks. There are innumerable roomy and beautiful courts hiding among the houses, and tourists will have surprise discoveries wherever they go.

解析:
1.第一句是个标准的A is B, and A is C句式,根据我们之前在课程上讲过的公式直接套取即A is B, and A is C = A, B, is C。把“浙江的一座古老水镇”这个部分写成“乌镇”的同位语,用“坐落”作为该句的谓语部分。

2. 第二句又是一个有逗号的句子,前方是个简单的主谓宾结构的句式,后方的“有很多”这个结构,我们在课堂上讲过,表示的并非是“真正的拥有”的意思,而是一种伴随的状态,可以用“with”的短语表达出来。

3. 第三句,第一个逗号之前是明显的时间状语,提醒了第二个逗号前的句子应该使用现在完成时,第二个逗号之后的句子是用来陈述客观事实,可用一般现在时。前后句主语一致,都为乌镇,所以根据我们所说过的合句提分的方法,后句直接用“, which……”即可连接。而此句难点在于“展现古文明的”这个定语如何翻译,如果不会直接翻译,我们可以把这个句子拆成“是一座博物馆,它展现了古文明”来解决,或者像例文中所示一样,用我们所说过的非谓语动词作定语的结构,由逻辑主语主动发出并与谓语动词同时发出的原则选取doing作定语,译成“unfolding the ancient civilization”的后置定语即可。

4. 第四句是难度很小的一句话,判断出用一般现在时和被动语态即可。

5. 第五句话从时间状语来判断,使用现在完成时即可。难度也较小。

6. 第六句逗号前的半个句子根据“在某地存在某人某物”的句型判断应该使用there be句型翻译。逗号后面的句子跟前面是个并列结构,用and并列即可。

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