2015.12 四级英语考试完整版参考答案(长沙新东方)

2015年12月19日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,我们第一时间收集整理不同版本试题,供考生参考。以下为长沙新东方提供的完整参考答案:

作文(一)

题目:

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Learning is a daily experience and a lifelong mission.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of lifelong learning. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

参考范文:

Currently in this constantly changing world, learning becomes a seemingly convenient but actually more complex matter. As an old saying goes,” Learning is a daily experience and a lifetime mission”. Apparently, the meaning of this saying is that if we truly desire to learn something, we are supposed to devote our life to it.

There are several reasons accounting for this viewpoint. For one thing, learning itself is an actually complicated and painful matter, and as a result, it is advisable for us to commit much more time even our whole life to it. For another, it is exceedingly obvious that we are easy to forget what we learned, and accordingly, the significance of lifetime learning cannot be ignored. For example, memorizing vocabulary is commonly the first step of preparing for an English test. However, it is pretty difficult for us to put a huge number of new words in our mind. Therefore, we can divide these words into some groups and spend some hours each day on it in order to remember and understand these words.

To sum up, lifelong learning lays a solid foundation to the development of ourselves, and only when we realize the significance of lifetime learning can we understand the essence of learning.


作文(二)

题目:

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make something happen.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of being creative rather than the mere onlookers in life. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

参考范文:

As a famous saying goes, “Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make something happen.” Simple as the saying is, its meaning is profound and thought-provoking, which is meant to tell us that we are supposed to be creative instead of acting as the onlooker.

Conspicuous are the impacts of being creative and I would like to explore the following aspects. To begin with, it is to leading a team to make constant progress what water is to fish, which can be best illustrated by an example concerning an extraordinary basketball player, Yao Ming. Moreover,

this kind of innovation also makes it possible for a nation to promote its international status and

improve the comprehensive competitiveness.

From my perspective, keeping creative is so essential that adequate importance must be attached to

it. Only when we literally realize the key role it plays can we become better selves in the foreseeable future.

作文(三)

题目:

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Listening is more important than talking.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of listening. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

参考范文:

As the most talented creature in this planet,we human beings are in possession of two kinds of most powerful capabilities, which are listening and talking. Compared with talking, more often than not, the significance of listening is way ahead in our life.

The most typical example of the importance of talking lies in the exchange among family members. When we are accustomed to talking without listening, in the process of which we might only focus on ourselves, feeling of others are ignored and even hurt. Without listening, the essential passport towards mutual understanding, the relation among our family members may bit by bit go alienated .

Besides , listening can also promote the efficiency of teamwork and efficiency is of the utmost consequence in such a fast-tempo society.

Talking is a window through which we convey ourselves , while listening is a door via which we understand each other . A life without mutual listening is just like a house without a door. Careful listening , so at least it seems to me , is a necessity but not a luxury in our daily life as well as in our work .

听力

(周祖筠,易哲)

答案:

BACDB ADDBC ACBDC BADBD CABBA

选项:

选项:

1.
A. They admire the courage of space explorers.
B. They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.
C. They were going to watch a wonderful movie.
D. They like doing scientific exploration very much.

2.
A. At a gift shop.
B. At a graduation ceremony.
C. In the office of a travel agency.
D. In a school library.

3.
A. He used to work in the art gallery.
B. He does not have a good memory.
C. He declined a job offer form the art gallery.
D. He is not interested in any part-time jobs.

4.
A. Susan has been invited to give a lecture tomorrow.
B. He will go to the birthday party after the lecture.
C. The woman should have informed him earlier.
D. He will be unable to attend the birthday party.

5.
A. Reward those having made good progress.
B. Set a deadline for the staff to meet.
C. Assign more workers to the project.
D. Encourage the staff to work in small groups.

6.
A. The way to the visitor’s parking.
B. The rate for parking in Lot C.
C. How far away the parking lot is.
D. Where she can leave her car.

7.
A. He regrets missing the classes.
B. He plans to take the fitness classes.
C. He is looking forward to a better life.
D. He has benefited form exercise.

8.
A. How to work efficiency.
B. How to select secretaries.
C. The responsibilities of secretaries.
D. The secretaries in the man’s company.

Long Conversation 1

9.
A. It is more difficult to learn than English.
B. It is used by more people than English.
C. It will be as commonly used as English.
D. It will eventually become a world language.

10.
A. It has words from many languages.
B. Its popularity with the common people.
C. The influence of the British Empire.
D. The effect of the Industrial Revolution.

11.
A. It includes a lot of words form other languages.
B. It has a growing number of newly coined words.
C. It can be easily picked up by overseas travellers.
D. It is the largest among all languages in the world.

Long Conversation 2

12.
A. To return some goods.
B. To apply for a job.
C. To place an order.
D. To make a complaint.

13.
A. He has become somewhat impatient with the woman.
B. He is not familiar with the exact details of goods.
C. He has not worked in the sales department for long.
D. He works on a part-time basis for the company.

14.
A. It is not his responsibility.
B. It will be free for large orders.
C. It costs 15 more for express delivery.
D. It depends on a number of factors.

15.
A. Report the information to her superior.
B. Pay a visit to the saleswoman in charge.
C. Ring back when she comes to a decision.
D. Make inquiries with some other companies.

Section B

Passage 1

16.
A. No one knows exactly where they were.
B. No one knows for sure when they came into being.
C. No one knows for what purpose they were.
D. No one knows what they will.

17.
A. Carry ropes across rivers.
B. Measure the speed of wind.
C. Pass on secret messages.
D. Give warnings of danger.

18.
A. To protect houses against lightning.
B. To test the effects of the lightning rod.
C. To find out the strength of silk for kites.
D. To prove that lightning is electricity.

Passage 2

19.
A. She enjoys teaching languages.
B. She can speak several languages.
C. She was trained to be an interpreter.
D. She was born with a talent for languages.

20.
A. They acquire an immunity to culture shock.
B. They would like to live abroad permanently.
C. They want to learn as many foreign languages as possible.
D. They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

21.
A. She became an expert in horse racing.
B. She got a chance to visit several European countries.
C. She was able to translate for a German sports judge.
D. She learned to appreciate classical music.

22.
A. Taste the beef and give her comment.
B. Take part in a cooking competition.
C. Teach vocabulary for food in.
D. Give cooking lessons on.

 Passage 3
23.
A. He had only a third-grade education.
B. He once threatened to kill his teacher.
C. He grew up in a poor single-parent household.
D. He often helped his.

24.
A. Careless.
B. Stupid.
C. Brave.
D. Active.

25.
A. Write two book reports a week.
B. Keep a diary.
C. Help with housework.
D. Watch education.

Section C

When you look up at the night sky, what do you see? There are other heavenly bodies out there besides the moon and stars. One of the most fascinating of this is a comet. Comets were formed around the same time the earth was formed. They are made up of ice and other frozen liquids and gasses. Now and then these dirty snowballs begin to orbit the sun just as the planets do. As a comet gets closer to the sun, some gasses in it begin to unfreeze. They combine with dust particles from the comet to form a huge cloud. As the comet gets even nearer to the sun and solar wind blows the cloud behind the comet thus forming its tail. The tail and generally fuzzy atmosphere around the comet are characteristics that can help identify this phenomenon in the night sky. In any given year, about dozen known comets come close to the sun in their orbits. The average person can’t see them all of course. Usually there is only one or two a year bright enough to be seen with the naked eye. Comet Hale-Bopp discovered in 1995 was an unusually bright comet. Its orbit bought relatively to the earth within 122 million miles of it. But Hale-Bopp came a long way on its earthly visit. It won’t be back for another 4 thousand years or so.

听力详细解析:

2015年12月四级听力解析

——长沙新东方学校:周祖竣 易哲

Part 2 Listening Comprehension

Section A Conversations

听力原文:

1. M: Do you remember the wonderful film on space exploration we watched together last month?
W: Sure. It‘s actually the most impressive one I’ve seen on that topic.
Q: What do we learn about the speakers?

解析:男人问女人是否还记得上个月一起看的一部关于太空探险的影片,女人的回答是肯定的,而且还认为这是她看过的关于太空冒险题材影片中最令她印象深刻的.

技巧点拨:短对话重复原则的出题形式,第一句话是一般疑问句,第二句话对第一个的提问做肯定的回答,那么答案和第一句话有关,这种题老师说过不能用视听反向排除听到的内容,因为film on space exploration在第二话中又重复到了,并用it代词指代,所以此题的答案就是第一句话中的这部太空探险电影是关键,同意替换把film替换成了答案中的movie.

题目与答案:

1.
A. They admire the courage of space explorers.
B. They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.
C. They were going to watch a wonderful movie.
D. They like doing scientific exploration very much.

听力原文:

2. W: Are you looking for anything in particular?
M: Yes. My son is graduating from high school and I want to get him something special.
Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?

解析:此题是一道地点推断题,审题时一看选项就知道考察地点推断.女人问男人:你是在找一些特别的东西吗?原文的时态是现在进行时.男人说他儿子马上就要高中毕业了,想给他找个特别的东西(当中礼物).也就是说那人正在挑礼物.

技巧点拨:此题还是要运用重复原则,女人提出问题,男人说yes,很明显是肯定回答,当我们听到肯定回答时,第一句话也需要理解,再加上男人第二句话的展开说明就能推断地点位置了!

题目与答案

2.
A. At a gift shop.
B. At a graduation ceremony.
C. In the office of a travel agency.
D. In a school library.

听力原文:

3. M: Mike told me yesterday that he‘d been looking in vain for a job in the art gallery.
W: Really? If I remember right, he had a chance to work there but he turned it down.
Q: What does the woman say about Mike?

解析:男人说Mike告诉他在美术馆找工作没找到,女人回答用的是really?很明显是质疑和不认同男人的话,补充道:如果我没记错,他原本有机会去那里工作的,但是他拒绝了这分工作!

技巧点拨:这道题出现了先否定在转折的情况,考试在听题时要注意,really?和but这两个表达同时出现时其实是表示递进,女人并不是只想否定男人的话,而是还是对他的话进行展开说明,两句话的内容都需捕捉到的重点表达是a job in the art gallery,第二句虽然没有这个表达,但是work there(指代的不就是art gallery这个地点吗?)和turned it down(中的代词it不就是指job吗?)运用重复原则,答案词确实是第一句话中的job offer from the art gallery!

题目与解析:

3.
A. He used to work in the art gallery.
B. He does not have a good memory.
C. He declined a job offer form the art gallery.
D. He is not interested in any part-time jobs.

听力原文:

4. W: Would you like to come to Susan‘s birthday party tomorrow evening?
M: I‘m going to give a lecture tomorrow. I wish I could be in two places at the same time.
Q: What does the man mean?

解析:女人直接提问:你明天会来参加Susan的生日趴吗?男人给出的回答虽然不是直接否定不去,但是他说的是:我明天要去讲课,我希望我能同时出现在两个地方.言下之意就是分身乏术,只能去讲课,不能去party.

技巧点拨:此题用清晰原则即可,只要听到第一句是直接提问,第二句没给建议没有转折,没有否定的时候,理解听到的回答即可,而且这个题的回答听起来也是非常清晰好理解的.

题目与答案:

4.
A. Susan has been invited to give a lecture tomorrow.
B. He will go to the birthday party after the lecture.
C. The woman should have informed him earlier.
D. He will be unable to attend the birthday party.

听力原文:

5. W: Aren‘t you discouraged by the slow progress your staff is making?
M: Yes. I think I‘ll give them a deadline and hold them to it.
Q: What is the man probably going to do?

解析:女人问男人是否对员工们做的项目这么慢感到气馁,男人的回答是yes,给出了肯定的回答并且还补充道:我想我应该给他们一个时限并且使他们坚持下去.

技巧点拨:本题听到yes这个关键词的时候应该知道男人对女人问题的态度,明显肯定,就是说男人确实对这个项目非常的失望沮丧,但是这道题的选项中并没有这个答案,所以下一句男人给出的解决方案成了考点,解决方案就是会设置一个期限,还是要坚持做完这个项目.

题目与答案:

5.
A. Reward those having made good progress.
B. Set a deadline for the staff to meet.
C. Assign more workers to the project.
D. Encourage the staff to work in small groups.

听力原文:

6. W: Excuse me, could you tell me where the visitor‘s parking is? I left my car there.
M: Sure. It‘s in Lot C, over that way.
Q: What does the woman want to know?

解析:女人问:能告诉我访客停车场在哪里吗?我要去停车.男人说:当然,访客停车场在C区,就在那里.

技巧点拨:同样还是重复原则,第一句话很重要就是答案出处.老师上课的时候强调过并不是所有的答案都在第二句中,大部分情况下可能第一句就有答案,要学会听关键词.女人用一般疑问句问:你能告诉我停车场在哪里吗?男人说sure,就是能告诉她停车场怎么走.

题目与答案:

6.
A. The way to the visitor’s parking.
B. The rate for parking in Lot C.
C. How far away the parking lot is.
D. Where she can leave her car.

听力原文:

7. W: You look great now that you‘ve taken those fitness classes.
M: Thanks. I‘ve never thought better in my life.
Q: What does the man mean?

解析:女人说男人上课这些健身课之后看起来棒极了,男人也说自己再好不过了.

技巧点拨:

此题如果在考场上没有听懂,实际上可以按照视听反向原则把听到的都排除就能出答案,A听到了classes ,B听到了fitness classes,C听到了better life.但是有些考生还是不明白什么时候才可以这么用.实际上考生只要知道fitness classes和exercise是同意替换,就可以用视听反向,视听反向的前提就是四个选项中一定要出现同意替换才能用——而听到的是fitness classes不能?荒苎∷耐婊?fitness classes健身课程就等于exercise锻炼.

题目与答案:

7.
A. He regrets missing the classes.
B. He plans to take the fitness classes.
C. He is looking forward to a better life.
D. He has benefited form exercise.

听力原文:

8. W: I really admire the efficiency of your secretaries.
M: Our company selects only the best. They have a heavy workload and we give them a lot of responsibilities.
Q: What are the speakers talking about?

解析:这道题的关键是secretaries,反复的在原文中重复到,所以先干掉A没有secretaries的选项.原文中两人的话都讲到了男人公司secretaries的很多方面,如选最好的,他们很有效率,他们工作量大,他们工作职责多等等.其实就是讲男人公司的秘书.而B\C两个选项都只说到了一个方面.

技巧点拨:重复原则的反复使用,这道题的第一句是陈述句(它和一般疑问句的差别只有动词位置不同)男人没有否定也没有转折的情况下默认为肯定回答.

题目与答案:

8.
A. How to work efficiency.
B. How to select secretaries.
C. The responsibilities of secretaries.
D. The secretaries in the man’s company.

 长对话听力原文:

Conversation One

W: Hi, Leo. Why do you say English will become the world language?

M: Well, for one thing, it‘s so commonly used. The only language that is used by more people is Chinese.——第9题答案B. It is used by more people than English.(技巧:开头结尾仔细听,问题是考题回答是答案,视听一致)

W: Why is English spoken by so many people?

M: It‘s spoken in many countries of the world because of the British Empire.——第10答案C. The influence of the British Empire.(因果转折常出题的因果关系)

And now, of course, there‘s influence of America as well.

W: Many students find English a difficult language to learn.

M: Oh, all languages are difficult to learn. But English does have two great advantages.

W: What are they?

M: Well, first of all, it has a very international vocabulary. It has many German, Dutch, French, Spanish and Italian words in it. So speakers of those languages will find many familiar words in English. In fact, English has words from many other languages as well.——第11题答案A. It includes a lot of words form other languages.(因果关系加in fact总结表达)

W: Why is that?

M: Well, partly because English speakers have travelled a lot. They bring back words with them, so English really does have an international vocabulary.

W: And what‘s the other advantage of English?

M: It‘s that English grammar is really quite easy. For example, it doesn’t have dozens of different endings for its nouns, adjectives and verbs, not like Latin, Russian, and German for example.

W: Why is that?

M: Well, it‘s quite interesting actually. It’s because of the French. When the French ruled England, French was the official language and only the common people spoke English. They try to make the language as simple as possible, so they made the grammar easier.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

Q9 What does the man say about Chinese?
Q10 What made English a widely used language?
Q11 What is said to be special about English vocabulary?

 Long Conversation 1

9.
A. It is more difficult to learn than English.
B. It is used by more people than English.
C. It will be as commonly used as English.
D. It will eventually become a world language.

10.
A. It has words from many languages.
B. Its popularity with the common people.
C. The influence of the British Empire.
D. The effect of the Industrial Revolution.

11.
A. It includes a lot of words form other languages.
B. It has a growing number of newly coined words.
C. It can be easily picked up by overseas travellers.
D. It is the largest among all languages in the world.

长对话听力原文:

Conversation Two

M: Hello, Yes?

W: Hello, Is that the sales department?

M: Yes, it is.

W: Oh, well. My name is Jane Kingsbury of GPF limited. We need some supplies for our design office.——第12题答案C. To place an order.(开头出答案,简单同意替换)

M: Oh, what sort?

W: Well, first of all, we need one complete new drawing board.

M: DO44 or DO45?

W: Ah, I don’t know. What’s the difference?

M: Well, the 45 cost 15 pounds more.

W: So what’s the total price then?

M: It’s 387 pounds.

W: Dose that include valued-added tax?

M: Oh, I’m not sure. Most of the prices do. Yes, I think it does.

W: What are the boards actually made of?

M: Oh, I don’t know. ——第13题答案B. He is not familiar with the exact details of goods.(推断题,根据听到的细节推理,女人问男人关于产品的细节,男人几个三番说自己不知道,说不清) I think it‘s a sort of plastic stuff these days. It’s white anyway.

W: And how long does it take to deliver?

M: Oh, I couldn’t really say. It depends on how much work we’ve got and how many other orders there are to send out, you know.——第14题答案D. It depends on a number of factors.(女人关于快递提出了新的问题,男人的解释是不好说,很多因素都会决定收货日期的长短,答案是原文简单改写)

W: Ok, now we also want some drawing pens, ink and rulers, and some drawing paper.

M: Oh dear. The girl who takes all those supplies isn’t here this morning. So I can’t take those orders for you. I only do the equipment you see.

W: Ok, well, perhaps I’ll ring back tomorrow.——第15题答案C. Ring back when she comes to a decision.(结尾后两轮出最尾题答案,非常清晰的听到了ring back)

M: So do you want the drawing board then?

W: Oh, I have to think about it. Thanks very much. I’ll let you know. Good-bye.

M: Thank you, Good-bye.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you just heard.

Q12 What is the woman’s purpose in making the phone call?

Q13 What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

Q14 What does the man say about delivery?

Q15 What does the woman say she will possibly do tomorrow?

 Long Conversation 2
12.
A. To return some goods.
B. To apply for a job.
C. To place an order.
D. To make a complaint.

13.
A. He has become somewhat impatient with the woman.
B. He is not familiar with the exact details of goods.
C. He has not worked in the sales department for long.
D. He works on a part-time basis for the company.

14.
A. It is not his responsibility.
B. It will be free for large orders.
C. It costs 15 more for express delivery.
D. It depends on a number of factors.

15.
A. Report the information to her superior.
B. Pay a visit to the saleswoman in charge.
C. Ring back when she comes to a decision.
D. Make inquiries with some other companies.

长对话点评:在听长对话时,一定要挺清楚问题和回答.问题会成为最后的考题,而回答直接对应答案.此次的长对话除了2道题做了简单的同意替换外,其他题目还是按照视听一至出题,所以短对话通过捕捉加一定的理解做对题还是不难的.

 短文理解

短文理解和长对话的解题技巧一致,即顺序出题和所听即所选.今年短文理解较往年难度不大,10道题中,有7道题可以通过所听即所选直接得出答案,有3道题需要通过同义替换得出答案.

Passage One

16.
A. No one knows exactly where they were.
B. No one knows for sure when they came into being.
C. No one knows for what purpose they were.
D. No one knows what they will.

17.
A. Carry ropes across rivers.
B. Measure the speed of wind.
C. Pass on secret messages.
D. Give warnings of danger.

18.
A. To protect houses against lightning.
B. To test the effects of the lightning rod.
C. To find out the strength of silk for kites.
D. To prove that lightning is electricity.

No one knows for sure just how old kites are. In fact, they have been in use for centuries. 25 centuries ago, kites were well-known in China. These first kites were probably made of wood. They may even have been covered with silk, because silk were used a lot at that time. Early kites were built for certain uses. In ancient China, they were used to carry ropes across rivers. Once across, the ropes were tear down and wooden bridges would hang for them. Legend tells of one General who flew musical kites over the enemies’ camp. The enemy fled, believing the sounds to be the warming voices of angels. By the 15th century, many people flew kites in Europe. Marco Polo may have brought the kite back from his visit to China. The kite has been linked to great names and events. For instance, Benjamin Franklin used a kite to prove the lightening electricity. He flew the kite in the storm. He did this in order to draw lightening from the clouds. He tied a metal key and a strip of silk to the kite line. The silk ribbon would stop the lightening from passing through his body. Benjamin’s idea was first laughed at. But later on, it enlightened the invention of the lightening rod. With such grand history, kite flying is short remained as an entertaining and popular sport.

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

Q16 What does the speaker say about kite?
Q17 What did ancient Chinese use kites to do?
Q18 Why did Benjamin Franklin flied a kite in the storm?

第16题:短文开篇第一句提到,No one knows for sure just how old kites are.根据所听即所?鸢肝狟. No one knows for sure when they came into being. 这一题中,用just how old kites are替换when they came into being.

第17题:短文中间提到,In ancient China, they were used to carry ropes across rivers.根据所听即所?鸢肝狝. Carry ropes across rivers.

第18题:短文结尾提到,For instance, Benjamin Franklin used a kite to prove the lightening electricity. 根据所听即所?鸢肝狣. To prove that lightning is electricity.

 Passage Two

19.
A. She enjoys teaching languages.
B. She can speak several languages.
C. She was trained to be an interpreter.
D. She was born with a talent for languages.

20.
A. They acquire immunity to culture shock.
B. They would like to live abroad permanently.
C. They want to learn as many foreign languages as possible.
D. They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

21.
A. She became an expert in horse racing.
B. She got a chance to visit several European countries.
C. She was able to translate for a German sports judge.
D. She learned to appreciate classical music.

22.
A. Taste the beef and give her comment.
B. Take part in a cooking competition.
C. Teach vocabulary for food in.
D. Give cooking lessons on.

I have learnt many languages, but I’m not mastered them the way the professional interpreter or translator has. Still, they have open doors for me. They have allowed me the opportunity to seek jobs in international contexts and help me get those jobs. Like many people who have lived overseas for a while, I simply got crazy about it. I can’t image living my professional or social life without international interactions. Since 1977, I have spent much more time abroad than in the United States. I like going to new places, eating new foods and experiencing new cultures. If you can speak the language, it’s easier to get to know the country and its people. If I had the time and money, I would live for a year in as many countries as possible. Beyond my career, my facility with languages has given me a few rare opportunities. Once just after I returned from my year in Vienna, I was asked to translate for a German judge at an Olympic level horse event and learned a lot about the sport. In Japan, once when I was in the studio audience of a TV cooking show, I was asked to go up on this stage and taste the beef dish that was being prepared, and tell what I thought. They asked “Was it as good as American beef?” It was very exciting for me to be on Japanese TV, speaking in Japanese about how delicious the beef was.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.

Q19 What does the speaker say about herself?
Q20 What does the speaker say about many people who have lived overseas for a while?
Q21 How did the speaker experience of living in Vienna benefit her?
Q22 What was the speaker asked to do in the Japanese studio?

第19题:短文开篇第一句提到,I have learnt many languages,根据同义替换,答案为B. She can speak several languages.

第20题:短文中间提到,Like many people who have lived overseas for a while, I simply got crazy about it. I can’t image living my professional or social life without international interactions.根据同义替换,答案为D. They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

第21题:短文中间提到,Once just after I returned from my year in Vienna, I was asked to translate for a German judge at an Olympic level horse event and learned a lot about the sport.根据所听即所?鸢肝狢. She was able to translate for a German sports judge.

第22题:短文结尾提到,I was asked to go up on this stage and taste the beef dish that was being prepared, and tell what I thought.根据所听即所?鸢肝狝. Taste the beef and give her comment.这一题中,用tell what I thought替换give her comment.

 Passage Three

23.
A. He had only a third-grade education.
B. He once threatened to kill his teacher.
C. He grew up in a poor single-parent household.
D. He often helped his.

24.
A. Careless.
B. Stupid.
C. Brave.
D. Active.

25.
A. Write two book reports a week.
B. Keep a diary.
C. Help with housework.
D. Watch education.

Dr. Ben Carsen grew up in a poor single-parent household in Detroit. His mother, who had only a 3rd grade education, works two jobs cleaning bathrooms. To his classmates and even to his teachers, he was thought of as the dumbest kid in the class, according to his own not so fond memories. He had a terrible temper, and once threatened to kill another child. Dr. Carsen was headed down a part of self-distraction until a critical moment in his youth. His mother convinced that she had to do something dramatic to preventing from leading a life of failure laid down some rules. He could not watch television except for two programs a week, could not play with his friends after school until he finished his homework, and had to read two books a week, and write book reports about them. His mother’s strategy worked. “Of course, I didn’t know she couldn’t read. So there I was submitting these reports.” he said. She would put check marks on them like she had been reading them. As I began to read about scientists, economists and philosophers, I started imaging myself in their shoes. As he got into the hobbit of hard work, his grades began to soar. Ultimately he received a scholarship to attending Yale University, and later he was admitted to the University of Michigan Medical School. He is now a leading surgeon at Johns Hopkins Medical School and he is also the author of the three books.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

Q23 What do we learn about Ben Carsen?
Q24 What did Ben Caren’s classmates and teachers think of him when he was first at school?
Q25 What did Ben Carsen’s mother tell him to do when he was a schoolboy?

第23题:短文开篇第一句提到,Dr. Ben Carsen grew up in a poor single-parent household in Detroit.根据所听即所?鸢肝狢. He grew up in a poor single-parent household.

第24题:短文中间提到,To his classmates and even to his teachers, he was thought of as the dumbest kid in the class, according to his own not so fond memories.根据同义替换,答案为B. Stupid.

第25题:短文结尾提到,and had to read two books a week, and write book reports about them.根据所听即所?鸢肝狝. Write two book reports a week.

短文听写

今年短文听写中,单词听写难度较大,涉及长词的听写,如phenomenon,而短语听写较为简单,如Now and then.值得注意的是,单词heavenly,fascinating,generally,characteristics,naked,relatively考察词尾的听写,而短语Now and then位于句首,需要大写Now的首字母.

When you look up at the night sky, what do you see? There are other 26. heavenly bodies out there besides the moon and stars. One of the most 27. fascinating of this is a comet. Comets were formed around the same time the earth was formed. They are 28. made up of ice and other frozen liquids and gasses. 29. Now and then these dirty snowballs begin to orbit the sun just as the planets do. As a comet gets closer to the sun, some gasses in it begin to unfreeze. They 30. combine with dust particles from the comet to form a huge cloud. As the comet gets even nearer to the sun and solar wind blows the cloud behind the comet thus forming its tail. The tail and 31. generally fuzzy atmosphere around the comet are 32. characteristics that can help identify this 33. phenomenon in the night sky. In any given year, about dozen known comets come close to the sun in their orbits. The average person can’t see them all of course. Usually there is only one or two a year bright enough to be seen with the 34. naked eye. Comet Hale-Bopp discovered in 1995 was an unusually bright comet. Its orbit bought 35. relatively to the earth within 122 million miles of it. But Hale-Bopp came a long way on its earthly visit. It won’t be back for another 4 thousand years or so.

 翻译

(冀希,张巧临)

第一篇

题目:

中国的父母往往过于关注孩子的学习,以至于不要他们帮忙做家务.他们对孩子的首要要求就是努力学习,考得好,能上名牌大学.他们相信这是为孩子好,因为在中国这样竞争激烈的社会里,只有好成绩才能保证前途光明.中国父母还认为,如果孩子在社会上取得大的成就,父母就会受到尊重.因此,他们愿意牺牲自己的时间,爱好和兴趣,为孩子提供更好的条件.

参考译文:

Chinese

parents tend to place so much emphasis on their children’s learning

that they won’t let their kids do any housework. The primary demands that they want to make of their children are to study hard, to achieve high grades in order to enter top universities. They believe it is good for their children because in such a highly competitive society, only the best achievement can ensure a bright prospect. Also, Chinese parents claim that they will be respected if their children get significant status in the society. Therefore, they are willing to sacrifice time, habits and interest of their own to provide their children with better living conditions.

解析:这篇翻译较以前的翻译题目难度有所下降,话题和生活紧密相关,不像之前考过的核能,假日经济等较为学术的话题,从而单词也明显简单,句式结构也不复杂,比较容易作答.

第一句:

常用短语“如此...以至于” (so...

that...)的考察.关注可以写简单词组pay

attention to, 其他都较简单.

第二句:

需要用到定语从句,名牌大学的表达可灵活一些,famous

universities 也可以.

第三句:

复合句,注意句与句之间的联系.

第四句:

与上句并列关系,注意同义词“相信”和“认为”要做替换,不要重复词汇.

第五句:简单句.

第二篇

题目:

云南省的丽江古镇是著名的旅游目的地之一.那里的生活节奏比大多数中国城市都要缓慢.丽江到处都是美丽的自然风光,众多的少数民族同胞提供了各式各样、丰富多彩的文化让游客体验.历史上,丽江还以“爱之城”而闻名.当地人中流传着许多关于因爱而生,为爱而死的故事.如今,在中外游客眼中,这个古镇被视为爱情和浪漫的天堂.

参考译文:

The ancient town of Lijiang in Yunnan province is one of the famous tourist destinations. Its living rhythm is slower than that of most other Chinese cities. Lijiang is full of natural beautiful sceneries, where numerous minority nationalities provide rich and varied cultures in order to give tourists a different experience. Historically, Lijiang was also known as “ the city of love”. Plenty of stories about living for love and dying for love have been spread among the natives. Nowadays, the old town equals the paradise of love and romance in the eyes of Chinese and foreign tourists.

第三篇

题目:

今年在长沙举行了一年一度的外国人汉语演讲比赛.这项比赛证明是促进中国世界其他地区文化交流的好方法.它为世界各地的年轻人提供了更好地了解中国的机会.来自87个国家共计126位选手聚集在湖南省省会参加了从7月6号到8月5号进行的半决赛和决赛.比赛并不是唯一的活动,选手们还有机会参观了中国其他地区的著名景点和历史名胜.

参考译文:

The annual Chinese speech contest for foreigners was held in Changsha this year. The contest proves to be a good way to promote cultural exchanges between China and other parts of the world. It offers the young all over the world an opportunity to know more about China.126 candidates from 87 nations gathered in the capital of Hunan province to attend the semifinal and the final from July 6 to August 5. Besides the contest, the candidates also got a chance to visit famous tourist attractions and historical interests in other parts of China.

 阅读理解

选词填空

第一篇(梁茂林)

参考答案

36. N. saw 第一空显然缺少谓语,优先考虑动词,结合语义并根据Late November and December可以推出应选择过去式动词,故答案锁定saw.

37. F. decades 根据two,首选复数名词,结合语义,“ for the first time in the two decades”, 二十年来头一次.

38. H. globally 句子为主系表结构,不缺主要成分,所以首选副词和形容词,根据语义,ever表示“一直以来地、向来地”,“十一月向来是全球范围内最温暖的一个月.”

39. D. chances 缺少主语,并且谓语是are,所以首选复数形式的名词,结合前文Enjoy the snow now, “享受现在的雪吧”,因为“时机是好的”.

40. J. occurs 空格前方有主语,且是单数形式,而后面由when引导的时间状语从句的时态是一般现在时,所以主句谓语锁定第三人称单数形式的动词,只能选择occurs.

41. A. specific空格左为定冠词the,空格右为名词,中间只能选形容词,选择“特定的”符合语义.

42. B. associated 空格左为be动词,右边为介词with,中间只能是形容词或动词的过去分词形式,be associated with表示“与…有联系”,符合原意.

43. G. experiences 空格左为主语southern Africa,空格内应该为动词的第三人称单词形式,结合语义,选G,“南非经历着干燥的天气.

44. M. reduce 空格左为情态动词,空格内必须为动词原形,填reduce“减少”符合原题.

45. K. populations 空格与左边的large fish 共同构成动词support的宾语,只能选一个名词来作为名词词组,故选K,“大量的鱼群”.

选词填空原文(一)

来源:El Ni?o Is On Its Way – Time

Read more: http://content.time.com/time/magazine/ar...z2prXcgzS6

For many Americans, 2013 ended with an unusually bitter cold snap. Late November and December saw early snow and bone-chilling temperatures in much of the country, part of a year when—for the first time in two decades—record-cold days will likely turn out to have outnumbered record-warm ones. But the U.S. was the exception: November was the warmest ever globally, and the provisional data indicates that 2013 is likely to have been the fourth-hottest year on record.

Enjoy the snow now, because chances are good that 2014 will be even hotter—perhaps the hottest year since records have been kept. That’s because, scientists are predicting, 2014 will be an El Ni?o year.

El Ni?o, Spanish for “the child”, occurs when surface ocean waters in the southern Pacific become abnormally warm. So large is the Pacific, covering 30% of the planet’s surface, that the specific energy generated by its warming is enough to touch off a series of weather changes around the world. El Ni?o are associated with abnormally dry conditions in the Southeast Asia and Australia. They can lead to extreme rain in parts of North and South America, even as southern Africa experiences dry weather. Marine life may be affected too: El Ni?o the rising of the cold, nutrient-rich water that supports large fish populations, and the unusually warm ocean temperatures can destroy coral.

选词填空

 第二篇

(解析者:任伟伟)

参考答案

36. [G] favorite. 本空前是表示从属关系的baby‘s, 空后是名词toy,本空需要形容词,结合上下文,“如果你用一块布遮住孩子们的玩具”, 锁定G选项.

37. [M] protest. 本空所在句子有A four-year-old 充当主语,空前是情态动词may,空后是that引导一个完整句子,所以本空需要填动词原形充当谓语,结合上下文,“一个四岁的孩子可能会XX他的姐姐有更多果汁,当只有杯子的形状不同,而不是果汁的XX”, 锁定M选项,抗议.

38. [B] amount. 本句提到“一个四岁的孩子可能会XX他的姐姐有更多果汁,当只有杯子的形状不同,而不是果汁的XX”,锁定B选项,数量.

39. [O] theories. 本空所在句子大意为,“像小科学家们一样,孩子们总是测试他们关于事物的孩子式XX”,结合下文关于丢勺子的内容可以锁定O选项,理论.

40. [I] immediately. 空前是情态动词will,空后是动词原形test,本空需要副词,锁定I选项,立刻.

41. [D] crazy. 本空需要理解固定搭配drive sb. crazy, 意为“使人抓狂”,锁定D选项,疯狂.

42. [F] differences. 本空所在句子意思是,“他知道他的想法和你的可能不同,而且有时候那些XX很重要有时候他们又不重要”,空前是复数代词those指代前文的复数名词,所以只能填复数名词,锁定F选项,区别.

43. [J] naturally. 本空句子说“某科学家指出,孩子们的认知能力...”, 空前是动词unfold,意为显露,而选项中没有合适的名词充当宾语,所以这个从句应该是主谓结构,因为本空需要副词,锁定J选项,天生地.

44. [L] primarily. 前文提到“某科学家指出,孩子们的认知能力天生具备,就像花的盛开,几乎独立于生活里其他XX”,除开本空以外,剩余部分是完整句子what else is in their lives,因此本空需要副词,锁定L,主要地.

45. [N] rejected. 本句意思“尽管他的许多结论在多年来已经被XX或者修改,他的想法仍然激励了世界上的许多调查者的研究”,本空需要过去分词,排除强干扰选项confirmed,意为确认,与句子意思不符,锁定N选项,驳回.

选词填空第三篇:

参考答案:

解析:霍族龙

36. J fundamentally 空后为形容词,空前为系动词is所以考虑副词,再结合语义选择fundamentally,译为完全不同、根本不同

37. G expands 从句部分缺少谓语,并且主语为信息社会,所以空中考(微博)虑填入动词单三形式,再结合语义,确定答案为expands

38. O superficial 空后为名词,空前有冠词a,所以空中一定为形容词形式,再结合But转折.最后锁定为O粗浅的、粗略的的分析,只是纯粹地基于数字.

39. K interpretation 空前是一个形容词且空后是谓语动词is,所以空中考虑填入名词作主语.锁定K选项,一个不同的解释.

40. B acquired 空后有介词by,考虑过去分词,再结合意思,被使用者所获得的,答案确定为acquired

41. I flows 缺谓语成分,且主语为information,所以考虑动词三单.

42. F elements 空前是形容词,所以空中考虑名词.再结合前的数量three,所以选择名词复数形式,则答案确定为F elements

43. M regard with regard to固定搭配:关于

44. H familiar 空后有介词with,再结合语义锁定答案H:familiar with 熟悉

45. A accustomed 结合空后介词to,考虑词组:accustomed to习惯

信息匹配

第一套

解析者:王饶

The Perfect Essay

46. I 该选项明确提到“She had no patience for brilliant but irrelevant figures of speech”.

47. C 该选项谈论的就是作者母亲对他过于得意的形象的批评,并且指出了他“看似完美”的文章中的很多缺陷 .

48. K 在该选项中指出,想要写出“没有缺陷”的文章很难,但是我们不能放弃“不断完善”的过程,不断地接近完美理想.

49. E 从该选项最后一句看出“I was not able to produce anything for three years”.

50. B 该选项说作者美梦成真(拿到了一个“完美”的评价),不过他说他只是slightly taken aback,也就是没什么吃惊的.

51. F 该选项明确提到“raise objections against another man’s speech, it is a very easy matter; but to produce a better in its place is a work extremely troublesome”.

52. A 该选项描述的就是作者敬佩其母亲,而其母亲正是其英文老师.

53. H 该选项中提到其母亲的批评“the type that changed me as a person”.

54. J 该选项提到“She trimmed back my flowery language”,最后“slowly my writing improved”.

55. G 该选项最后一句提到“Genuine criticism creates a precious opening for an author to become better on his own terms”.

 第二篇

解析者:梁茂林

How to eat well

46. Cooking benefits people in many ways and enables them to connect with one another.

答案:D

47. Abundant information about cooking is available either online or on TV.

答案:B

48. Young people do less cooking at home than the elderly these days.

答案:F

49. Cooking skills can be improved with practice.

答案:O

50. In the mid-20th century, most families ate dinner at home instead of eating out.

答案:G.

51. Even those short of time or money should be encouraged to cook for themselves and their family

答案:E.

52. Eating food not cooked by ourselves can cause serious consequences.

答案:J.

53. To eat well and still save money, people should buy fresh food and cook it themselves.

答案:M.

54. We get a fairly large portion of calories from fast food and snacks.

答案:C.

55. The popularity of TV led to the popularity of frozen food.

答案:H.

 第三篇

解析者:王饶

Joy: A Subject Schools Lack

46. G 该选项第一句和第二句明确指出,“培养小孩子感受快乐的能力不难,只需要改变教育的思维模式就可以哒”.

47. D 从该选项的“The thing that sets children apart from adults is not… It’s their enormous capacity for joy”一句便可看出.

48. A 该选项先举例说“曾经爱尔兰对儿童很残忍”,最后指出“美国其实也差不多啦”.

49. F 从该选项中一句“Human lives are governed by the desire to experience joy”便可以看出.

50. K 从该选项的第一句“Adults tend to talk about learning as if it were medicine”便可看出哒.

51. H 从该选项最后一句便可看出.

52. C 该选项的一句“when people think about education, they are not thinking about what it feels like to be a child…”证明其适合.

53. I 该选项指出,“学校的管理人员给教师施压,让他们给学生制定严格的规则和布置大量的作业”,所以可知他们觉得hard work是至关重要的.

54. B 该空很好找呀,所有选项只有一个B选项提到了effective schools,而且分析该选项,发现其整体也非常符合.

55. J 从该选项的第二句“Decades of research have…, kids need to want to learn”便可选出.

仔细阅读

第一套

本篇原文是美国著名程序员、风险投资家Paul Graham(保罗·格雷厄姆)于06年在自己的博客所写的一篇由硅谷发展引起的对如何投资和发展信息技术公司的思考的文章的节选.

原文地址http://www.paulgraham.com/siliconvalley.html

Could you reproduce Silicon Valley elsewhere, or is there something unique about it?

It wouldn’t be surprising if it were hard to reproduce in other countries, because you couldn’t reproduce it in most of the US either. What does it take to make a silicon valley?

It is the right people. If you could get the right ten thousand people to move from Silicon Valley to Buffalo, Buffalo would become Silicon Valley.

You only need two kinds of people to create a technology hub: rich people and nerds.

Observation bears this out: within the US, towns have become startup hubs if and only if they have both rich people and nerds. Few startups happen in Miami, for example, because although it’s full of rich people, it has few nerds. It’s not the kind of place nerds like.

Whereas Pittsburgh has the opposite problem: plenty of nerds, but no rich people. The top US Computer Science departments are said to be MIT, Stanford, Berkeley, and Carnegie-Mellon. MIT yielded Route 128. Stanford and Berkeley yielded Silicon Valley. But Carnegie-Mellon? The record skips at that point. Lower down the list, the University of Washington yielded a high-tech community in Seattle, and the University of Texas at Austin yielded one in Austin. But what happened in Pittsburgh? And in Ithaca, home of Cornell, which is also high on the list?

I grew up in Pittsburgh and went to college at Cornell, so I can answer for both. The weather is terrible, particularly in winter, and there’s no interesting old city to make up for it, as there is in Boston. Rich people don’t want to live in Pittsburgh or Ithaca. So while there are plenty of hackers who could start startups, there’s no one to invest in them.

Do you really need the rich people? Wouldn’t it work to have the government invest in the nerds? No, it would not. Startup investors are a distinct type of rich people. They tend to have a lot of experience themselves in the technology business. This helps them pick the right startups, and means they can supply advice and connections as well as money. And the fact that they have a personal stake in the outcome makes them really pay attention.

56.原文第一段第一句反问句“Could you reproduce Silicon Valley elsewhere, or is there something unique about it?”可得知答案选A——Its success is hard to copy anywhere else. 选项copy同义改写原文的reproduce.

57.由题干大写字母Miami定位到原文第五段“Few startups happen in Miami, for example, because although it’s full of rich people, it has few nerds. It’s not the kind of place nerds like.”由因果关系词because找到原因——这里既是有很多富裕的人,却几乎没有nerds(痴迷科研的人).所以答案选B——Lack of the right kind of talents.

58,由题干大写字母Carnegie-Mellon, MIT, Stanford, Berkeley等定位到第六段,问CM和其他的是哪里有不同.“The top US Computer Science departments are said to be MIT, Stanford, Berkeley, and Carnegie-Mellon. MIT yielded Route 128. Stanford and Berkeley yielded Silicon Valley. But Carnegie-Mellon? The record skips at that point.”原文讲到了MIT, Stanford, Berkeley都yielded产生了很有名的science department,而Carnegie-Mellon呢?这个记录可以直接跳过忽略.言下之意就是CM没有出名的science department,所以答案选D——It does not pay much attention to business startups.

59题,由题干大写字母Boston定位到倒数第二段.定位句“The weather is terrible, particularly in winter, and there’s no interesting old city to make up for it, as there is in Boston”说到了Boston是一个无聊的老城市,而定位句的下一句“So while there are plenty of hackers who could start startups, there’s no one to invest in them”说到了这样的城市无法吸引投资.所以答案选C——It is not likely to attract lots of investors and nerds.

60题,由startup investors定位到最后一段.Startup investors不仅富有,他们一般都经验丰富,而且能给提供一些建议,所以答案选C——They can do more than providing money.

61. C——It may prevent your business and career from advancing.

62. B——Encourage people to disagree and argue.

63. C——To remove misunderstanding.

64. D——They take care not to hurt each other’s feelings.

65. D——Acknowledge their contribution.

第二套

56.A——it is disappearing

57.B——Electronically

58.D——Spending money is so fast and easy

59.A——It represents a change in the modern world

60.D——He feels insecure in ever-changing modern world

这篇文章是发表在the Atlantic上的一篇新闻报道的节选段拼凑而成的,最后一段是出题人自己纂写的.原文地址http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/12/the-year-in-sleep/383990/

Everybody sleeps—so goes the Sesame Street song meant for obstinately awake children. That may be true, but what people stay up late to catch—or wake up early in order not to miss—varies by culture.

Around the world, people changed sleep patterns thanks to the start or end of daylight savings time. Russians, for example, began to wake up about a half-hour later each day after President Vladimir Putin shifted the country permanently to “winter time” starting on October 26.

Russia’s other late nights and early mornings generally coincided with public holidays. One such spike was on New Year’s Eve, which Russians tend to ring in with unusual fervor, as well as on World War II Victory Day. According to another Jawbone finding, Russians have the world’s latest bedtime on December 31, hitting the hay at around 3:30 a.m.

Russians also got up an hour later on International Women’s Day, the day for coddling and celebrating female relatives.

Similarly, Americans’ late nights, late mornings, and longest sleeps coincided with three-day weekends.

Canada got the least sleep of the year the night it beat Sweden in the Olympic hockey final.

The World Cup was also a major sleep-deprivation culprit. The worst night for sleep in the U.K. was the night of the England-Italy match on June 14. Brits stayed up a half-hour later to watch it, and then they woke up earlier than usual the next morning thanks to summer nights, the phenomenon in which the sun barely sets in northern countries in the summertime. That was nothing, though, compared to Germans, Italians, and the French, who stayed up around an hour and a half later on various days throughout the summer to watch the Cup.

It should be made clear that not everyone has a device to record their sleep patterns; in some of these nations, it’s likely that only the richest people do. And people who elect to track their sleep may try to get more sleep than the average person. Even if that’s the case, though, the above findings are still striking. If the most health-conscious among us have such deep swings in our shut-eye levels throughout the year, how much sleep are the rest of us losing?

61题,定位到第一段最后一句“varies by culture”,所以答案选A——They are culture-related.

62题,由题干的大写名词Russian定位到第二段和第三段.第二段的“Russian, for example, began to wake up about a half-hour later each day”这一句是干扰句,起得晚不一定睡得早,所以答案推不出“他们比其他地方的人睡得更久”.然后看到第三段“Russia’s other late nights and early mornings generally coincided with public holidays”,所以答案为C——They don’t sleep much on holidays.

63题,题干问的是欧洲人缺乏睡眠的major cause主要原因是什么,由题干的大写名词Europeans’ loss定位到倒数第二段的“compared to Germans, Italians, and the French, who stayed up around an hour and a half later on various days throughout the summer to watch the Cup”,原文的Germans, Italians, and the French就是题干中“Europeans”的同义改写,而他们stayed up就是为了to watch the Cup,所以说他们缺乏睡眠的原因便是C选项——The World Cup.

64题,问的是富有的人使用设备来记录他们的睡眠模式的原因.由rich people以及device定位到最后一段第一句,定位句只说到了记录的事实,而非其原因.按照四级阅读金三句原则看到定位句的下一句“And people who elect to track their sleep may try to get more sleep than the average person”,记录睡眠的人是想要得到比普通人更多的睡眠,所以答案是B——They want to get sufficient sleep.

65题,问的是作者在最后一段所表达的观点,定位到最后一句If the most health-conscious among us have such deep swings in our shut-eye levels throughout the year, how much sleep are the rest of us losing? 作者提到了health-conscious,人们对健康的意识是缺乏的,对健康是视而不见的,所以答案选B——Few people really know the importance of sleep.

第三套

56 C It might have a negative effect on creative work.

57 A They combine clock-based and task-based planning

58 D They tend to be more productive.

59 B It does not attach enough importance to task-based practice.

60 D A scientific standard should be adopted in a job evaluation.

61 A Her past record might stand in her way to a new life.

62 B They are deprived of chances to turn over a new leaf

63 C They are marginalized in society

64 D A lot of them have negative effects on society

65 B To appeal for changes in America’s criminal justice system.

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