2015.06.13 CET4四级真题答案(卷三,沪江)

2015年6月大学英语四级【试卷三】答案汇总

写作答案

Should Parents Decide Children’s Life?

In this illustration, we can see that a teenage girl happily informs her mother of the news that she is admitted to the college which her mother has selected for her. The picture implies the great influence that parents have on their children’s decisions. Choosing college for them is a typical example.

It is evident that parents’ thoughts and behaviors shape how their children think and behave. However, in my opinion, it is inappropriate for parents to make every major life decision for their children. For one thing, each child is an individual with his own character. Children’s perceptions of life may be different from their parents’, so their choices may diverge. For another, parents cannot fully comprehend what their children want or need and therefore their decision is not necessarily the best choice for their children.

All in all, it is advisable that parents respect their children’s choices and let them be the masters of their own lives.

写作点评

Should Parents Decide Children’s Life?

本题由图画中女儿的说话 “Good news mom! I was accepted to the college of your choice.” 引出话题,探讨家庭生活中父母为子女做决定的现象。这一话题没有明确的正误指向,要求考生首先对图画进行描述,再确立自己的观点,提出论点和论据。

大学英语四级考试作文一般与生活实际相联系。本题考查的难点在于要求考生提出对父母为子女做决定这一现象的思考,赞同要有赞同理由,反对要有反对的论据,中立也要写出中立的点在哪里。切忌停留在父母为子女做决定这一现象的表面描述。

正如我们在考前押题中所讲,此题建议考生采取三段式写作。

三段式:

第一段:简要描述图画内容(In this illustration, we can see that a teenage girl happily informs her mother of the news that she is admitted to the college which her mother has selected for her.) + 拉到自己较熟悉的结论观点(The picture implies the great influence that parents have on their children’s decisions. Choosing college for them is a typical example.) = 引出下一段


第二段:确立观点(It is evident that parents’ thoughts and behaviors shape how their children think and behave. However, in my opinion, it is inappropriate for parents to make every major life decision for their children.) + 两方面原因(For one thing/For another)

第三段:All in all… 提出建议,重申观点。

以上为英语四级作文点评,大家注意审题清楚,先确立论点和论据再下笔。希望大家总结经验,下次考得更高!

听力答案

短对话【答案】

1. A. The woman should go on playing chess.
2. D. Mary probably knows Sally’s new address.
3. B. His notes are not easy to read.
4. D. The man had better choose another restaurant.
5. C. He has been looking forward to spring.
6. B. The man appreciates the woman’s help.
7. B. Go to work on foot.
8. A. Temporary closing has disturbed the airport’s operation.

短对话【点评】

【总评】:8 个短对话总体来说比以往四级听力要难,推理判断题居多,而且今年的听力原文中更倾向于接近真实生活,出现了口语中的省略现象。

1. 主要考查的是推理判断的能力。
本题的关键在于听懂反问句和反问的语调。男士说:“Is that any reason to quit? 这能是你放弃的理由吗?”反问语气表肯定!换句话说,男士的建议是你应该好好继续下棋。

2. 主要考查抓听细节的能力。
本题的关键在于听到细节“Mary should know it. ”男士说自己手边有一堆Sally的信件需要寄给她,所以需要知道她的地址。女士说自己很久没跟Sally联系了,但是结尾说了一句:“Mary应该知道地址。”

3. 主要考查的是推理判断的能力。
这道题同样是一个反义疑问句,表达肯定意思。关键听到男士的那句:“You’ve never see my handwriting, have you?”“你从没看过我的笔迹吧?”话外音可以推理出来就是:我的笔迹很难认,你肯定看不出来我写的是什么笔记。

4. 主要考查的是推理能力。
男士说我今晚要带女朋友去新开的漂亮饭店过生日。女士说我上周去过,太让我失望了。言外之意就是建议男士不要去这家饭馆了。

5. 主要考查的是抓听细节和推理判断的能力。
本题首先听到女士开头说的:“冬天终于结束了。”和男士结尾说:“我等了好几个月了啊。”显然是男士非常期待冬天快点结束,春天快点到来。

6. 主要考查的是抓听细节能力。
关键听到男士说的那句:Many thanks for letting me use them. 太感谢你让我看他们了。thank和选项中的appreciate为同义词。

7. 主要考查的是抓听细节能力。
本题是典型的动作判断题。通过选项全是动词短语就可判断应该抓听动词。而本题最关键的是细节:I decided to walk to work.和选项中的Go on foot. 为同义表达。

8. 主要考查的是抓听细节的能力
本题关键是听到男士的话:男士说今早机场关闭了一段时间了,而且仍然没恢复正常。其中的closed for a while和选项中的Temporary closing同义。

长对话一
9. C. It has a chemical processing plant.
10. D. He’s a salesman.
11. C. Mr. Grand’s personal assistance.
12. B. Provide details of their products and services.

长对话二
13. A. She listened to recordings of many European orchestras.
14. D. She began taking violin lessons as a small child.
15. A. It was the chance of a lifetime.

长对话 点评

【总评】
今年的长对话沿袭了近年来四级听力的风格,一篇是工作相关类;一篇是正式访谈类。

长对话一:
主要讲了一位化学产品公司的推销员想要向其他公司推荐自家公司产品的过程。 对话开头男士先表明自己的身份和想要推荐产品的意图,但遇到的问题是男士需要找的Mr. Grand非常忙,没空处理这件事。女士作为Mr. Grand的助理开始处理,问题的最终解决是要求男士提供自己家产品的详细介绍邮寄过来。

这是典型四级听力工作类长对话的模式:先工作方面的介绍,然后谈到工作中遇到的问题,最后是问题的解决。分别设置了这3个考点。相对而言,工作类考题比较难的地方在于部分词汇会造成干扰:例如,公司名Liquid Control Products,chemical processing, personal assistance, reference等,但除了personal assistance直接与考点相关外,其他单词没听懂考生也应完全不纠结。而personal assistance在选项中为所听即所得。

因此,总体而言,这篇长对话与往年难度持平。

长对话二:
本篇长对话作为正式访谈类的听力,一开始采访人从女士是否想过会在西方社会圈生活和工作作为切入点进行了一个热身;紧接着,女士回答自己一直对欧洲的音乐有所关注,采访人就顺着这个点提到女士目前作为专业小提琴演奏家职业相关的情况,从而提到女士最早来到欧洲的原因是获得巴黎奖学金留学的机会。

长对话二非常简单,基本上没有生词,结合日常生活经验也可以比较顺理成章地理解一位亚洲日本小提琴家的成长之路:年幼开始学琴,从小对音乐有研究,有过欧洲留学经历,最终进入欧洲社会圈。

短文1答案

16. B) His personal history is little known.
17. D) He was a member of the town council.
18. C) Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire.

短文2答案

19. A) Theft.
20. B) Have the right documents.
21. B) Use official transport.

短文1&2 点评

Passage One

16. What does the speaker say about William Shakespeare?
答案:B) His personal history is little known.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。文章中作者先提出“有多少人了解莎士比亚本人”的问题,接着指出各学者经过几个世纪的研究之后,仍然在不断探索发现他的个人史。由此可知,莎士比亚的个人史很少有人知道。

17. What do we learn about Shakespeare's father?
答案:D) He was a member of the town council.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。文章中提到莎士比亚的父亲受人尊敬,是Stratford-on-Avon镇议会的一名成员。选项a member of the town council与原文完全对应。

18. Why does the speaker say parts of Shakespeare's life will remain a mystery?
答案:C) Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。文章中提到莎士比亚一部分的生活将永远不为人所知。因为1666年伦敦的一场大火把很多重要文件烧毁了,而这些本来可能是了解莎士比亚的重要线索。所以答案选择Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire。

Passage Two

19. What is mentioned as a most common danger when people go travelling abroad?
答案:A) Theft.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。原文开篇就提到人们在外出旅游时会遇到很多危险,而其中最为常见的就是盗窃。根据所听即所得,可选出正确答案。

20. What is the most important thing to do when you prepare for your trip abroad?
答案:B) Have the right documents.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。原文中提到在准备出国旅游时,一定要确保文件正确,避免出现签证错误、过期护照等情况。因此答案应选正确的文件。选项中的documents与文中的paperwork对应。

21. What does the speaker suggest you do when you arrive at your destination?
答案:B) Use official transport.
【点评】文章最后提到,到达目的地后要选择乘坐正式的交通工具,不要搭乘陌生人的车。选项use official transport和文中完全一致,所听即所得可得出答案。

短文3答案

22. C) Sell inexpensive products.
23. A) At a meeting of top British businesspeople.
24. D) Insulted.
25. B) There should be a limit to one's sense of humour.

听力填空答案

26. prospering
27. decade
28. opposite
29. sustain
30. In simple terms
31. establish
32. reasonably
33. take into account
34. misleading
35. using up

阅读答案

选词填空答案

36. A) assets
37. E) excellent
38. L) origin
39. N) up-to-date
40. B) attend
41. G) guidelines
42. C) aware
43. H) involved
44. D) especially
45. O) volunteering

本次选词填空的话题较为贴近生活,讲述的是教师可以以多种方式将社区融入课堂,如借助家长、实地考察活动、学校课题等。10题中,动词、名词、形容词平分秋色,副词一如既往考察最少。如果考生能够掌握先划分选项词性,再预判题干词性,进而在相同词性的单词间用意思去确定最终答案的方法,其实本题难度并不高。而且这次也出现了不少固定搭配,如be aware of, be involved in等,如果平时有一定的积累,在做题时也如虎添翼,可进一步保证自己的正确率。

匹配答案

46. Steve Jobs called on Stanford graduates to innovate in his commencement address.
O) Mr. Jobs ended…

47. Steve Jobs considered himself lucky to have been fired once by Apple.
N) Mr. Jobs suggested…

48. Steve Jobs once used computers to make movies that were commercial hits.
M) There is no conclusive proof…

49. Many governments have done more than the US government in providing the raw materials for innovation.
D) "We can look at…"

50. Great innovator are good at connecting concepts from various academic fields.
J) "The academics identify five traits that…"

51. Innovation is vital to driving economic progress.
C) "Above all, …"

52. America has a social environment that is particularly favorable to innovation.
E) "Yet what other nations typically lack, …"

53. Innovative ideas often come from diverse experiences.
H) "His path was unique, …"

54. Real-life experience is often more important than formal education for career success.
F) "Workers of every rank are told…"

55. Apple's fortunes suffered from an innovation discount during Job's absence.
L) "Apple, by their calculations, …"

本次长篇阅读将话题投向了乔布斯,并着重围绕“创新”二字展开。

从题目设置来看,出现了一两道题干关键词并不能直接在原文复现的题,如47题题干中的lucky,在原文中的表达为“It turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me",需要考生正确理解这句话背后的意思才能解题,这对于四级长篇阅读来说并不多见,也确实是本次试题难度有所增加的体现。从做题技巧看,建议考生先将有把握的题做对,在有余力的情况下,最后完成这种起到“拉分”作用的难题。

仔细阅读 1&2 答案

56. C) The decline of the grain yield growth.
57. A) Their self-sufficiency is vital to the stability of world food markets.
58. D) They force more on the increase of animal feed than food grains.
59. D) The world will be able to feed its population without increasing farmland.
60. B) It is based on a doubtful assumption.

61. B) People's changing attitudes towards family.
62. C) Their number is too small to make a difference.
63. A) A long leave will have a negative impact on their career.
64. B) Surprise.
65. D) They will still face the difficult choice between career an children.

翻译答案

据报道,今年中国快递服务(courier service)将递送大约120亿件包裹。这将使中国有可能超越美国成为世界上最大的快递市场。大多数包裹里装着网上订购的物品。中国给数百万在线零售商以极具竞争力的价格销售商品的机会。仅在11月11日,中国消费者就从国内最大的购物平台购买了价值90亿美元的商品。中国有不少这样的特殊购物日。因此,快递业在中国扩展就不足为奇了。

It is reported that China's express courier service will deliver about 12 billion packages this year. China could overtake the United States as the world's largest express market. Most package are for items ordered online. China provides opportunities to millions of online retailers to sell goods at very competitive prices. Only on November 11th, Chinese consumers bought $ 9 billion worth of goods from the nation's largest shopping platform. There are many such special shopping days in China. Therefore, the expansion of express industry is not surprising at all.

点评:
1. 词汇考查:今年这篇四级考察社会热点——快递和网购,相关的热点词汇有courier service,delivery,packages,online shopping,express industry等。
2. 数字考察:数字翻译的考察从2014年12月份开始成为必考重点之一,特别是million和billion这两个数量级别的考察。
3. 句法考察:被动语态(据报道),最高级(最大的快递市场、最大的购物平台),因果关系等(因此)等。

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