2015.06.13 CET4四级真题答案(卷二,沪江)

2015年6月大学英语四级【试卷二】答案汇总

写作答案

Using Computer Wisely

The comic reflects the image of our modern world in which technology has been an inseparable part of people’s daily life. As is shown, the man in the picture uses a laptop at work and home, for business and entertainment, so obsessed that he even dreams about bending over his laptop.

It is undeniable that this has been a common scene and the overuse of computers has aroused great concern. In my opinion, people should be cautious of the excessive use of computers for the following reasons. In the first place, it will inevitably affect people’s health if they sit before computers and stare at the screens for long hours, which may result in muscle pain and visual impair. Secondly, playing computers alone isolates people from others. Relationships in the real world are maintained through human contact and spending time with each other instead of chitchatting online. In summary, people should cut down their computer use for health and social reasons. Computers are not controllers but tools in our life.

写作点评

Using Computer Wisely

本题由一幅连环画 “This Modern Life: Work Home Play Life” 引出话题,探讨电脑在现代生活当中扮演的重要角色。很明显,本题主旨在于评述现代生活中电脑的过度使用这一现象,此话题与生活息息相关。本题难度适中,考生均有话可说,且与2013年曾经出现的互联网系列考题相类似。

考生要做的首先是仔细审题、确立观点。按照题干要求,第一段——Start your essay with a brief description of the picture。因此,第一段:总述图画反映的问题(The comic reflects the image of our modern world in which technology has been an inseparable part of people’s daily life.) + 具体描述画面内容(As is shown, the man in the picture uses a laptop at work and home, for business and entertainment, so obsessed that he even dreams about bending over his laptop.) = 引出下一段


第二段——Comment on this kind of modern life。确立观点(It is undeniable that this has been a common scene and the overuse of computers has aroused great concern. In my opinion, people should be cautious of the excessive use of computers for the following reasons.) + 两方面原因(In the first place, it will inevitably affect people’s health if they sit before computers and stare at the screens for long hours, which may result in muscle pain and visual impair. Secondly, playing computers alone isolates people from others. Relationships in the real world are maintained through human contact and spending time with each other instead of chitchatting online.)+ 总结观点、提出建议(In summary, people should cut down their computer use for health and social reasons. Computers are not controllers but tools in our life.)

以上为英语四级作文点评,大家写完后要注意检查字数有无达标,不能少于120字也不宜过多,语言简洁在理、无语法错误为佳。希望大家总结经验,下次考得更高!

听力答案

短对话【答案】

1. A. The woman should go on playing chess.
2. D. Mary probably knows Sally’s new address.
3. B. His notes are not easy to read.
4. D. The man had better choose another restaurant.
5. C. He has been looking forward to spring.
6. B. The man appreciates the woman’s help.
7. B. Go to work on foot.
8. A. Temporary closing has disturbed the airport’s operation.

短对话【点评】

【总评】:8 个短对话总体来说比以往四级听力要难,推理判断题居多,而且今年的听力原文中更倾向于接近真实生活,出现了口语中的省略现象。

1. 主要考查的是推理判断的能力。
本题的关键在于听懂反问句和反问的语调。男士说:“Is that any reason to quit? 这能是你放弃的理由吗?”反问语气表肯定!换句话说,男士的建议是你应该好好继续下棋。

2. 主要考查抓听细节的能力。
本题的关键在于听到细节“Mary should know it. ”男士说自己手边有一堆Sally的信件需要寄给她,所以需要知道她的地址。女士说自己很久没跟Sally联系了,但是结尾说了一句:“Mary应该知道地址。”

3. 主要考查的是推理判断的能力。
这道题同样是一个反义疑问句,表达肯定意思。关键听到男士的那句:“You’ve never see my handwriting, have you?”“你从没看过我的笔迹吧?”话外音可以推理出来就是:我的笔迹很难认,你肯定看不出来我写的是什么笔记。

4. 主要考查的是推理能力。
男士说我今晚要带女朋友去新开的漂亮饭店过生日。女士说我上周去过,太让我失望了。言外之意就是建议男士不要去这家饭馆了。

5. 主要考查的是抓听细节和推理判断的能力。
本题首先听到女士开头说的:“冬天终于结束了。”和男士结尾说:“我等了好几个月了啊。”显然是男士非常期待冬天快点结束,春天快点到来。

6. 主要考查的是抓听细节能力。
关键听到男士说的那句:Many thanks for letting me use them. 太感谢你让我看他们了。thank和选项中的appreciate为同义词。

7. 主要考查的是抓听细节能力。
本题是典型的动作判断题。通过选项全是动词短语就可判断应该抓听动词。而本题最关键的是细节:I decided to walk to work.和选项中的Go on foot. 为同义表达。

8. 主要考查的是抓听细节的能力
本题关键是听到男士的话:男士说今早机场关闭了一段时间了,而且仍然没恢复正常。其中的closed for a while和选项中的Temporary closing同义。

长对话一
9. C. It has a chemical processing plant.
10. D. He’s a salesman.
11. C. Mr. Grand’s personal assistance.
12. B. Provide details of their products and services.

长对话二
13. A. She listened to recordings of many European orchestras.
14. D. She began taking violin lessons as a small child.
15. A. It was the chance of a lifetime.

长对话 点评

【总评】
今年的长对话沿袭了近年来四级听力的风格,一篇是工作相关类;一篇是正式访谈类。

长对话一:
主要讲了一位化学产品公司的推销员想要向其他公司推荐自家公司产品的过程。 对话开头男士先表明自己的身份和想要推荐产品的意图,但遇到的问题是男士需要找的Mr. Grand非常忙,没空处理这件事。女士作为Mr. Grand的助理开始处理,问题的最终解决是要求男士提供自己家产品的详细介绍邮寄过来。

这是典型四级听力工作类长对话的模式:先工作方面的介绍,然后谈到工作中遇到的问题,最后是问题的解决。分别设置了这3个考点。相对而言,工作类考题比较难的地方在于部分词汇会造成干扰:例如,公司名Liquid Control Products,chemical processing, personal assistance, reference等,但除了personal assistance直接与考点相关外,其他单词没听懂考生也应完全不纠结。而personal assistance在选项中为所听即所得。

因此,总体而言,这篇长对话与往年难度持平。

长对话二:
本篇长对话作为正式访谈类的听力,一开始采访人从女士是否想过会在西方社会圈生活和工作作为切入点进行了一个热身;紧接着,女士回答自己一直对欧洲的音乐有所关注,采访人就顺着这个点提到女士目前作为专业小提琴演奏家职业相关的情况,从而提到女士最早来到欧洲的原因是获得巴黎奖学金留学的机会。

长对话二非常简单,基本上没有生词,结合日常生活经验也可以比较顺理成章地理解一位亚洲日本小提琴家的成长之路:年幼开始学琴,从小对音乐有研究,有过欧洲留学经历,最终进入欧洲社会圈。

短文1答案

16. B) His personal history is little known.
17. D) He was a member of the town council.
18. C) Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire.

短文2答案

19. A) Theft.
20. B) Have the right documents.
21. B) Use official transport.

短文1&2 点评

Passage One

16. What does the speaker say about William Shakespeare?
答案:B) His personal history is little known.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。文章中作者先提出“有多少人了解莎士比亚本人”的问题,接着指出各学者经过几个世纪的研究之后,仍然在不断探索发现他的个人史。由此可知,莎士比亚的个人史很少有人知道。

17. What do we learn about Shakespeare's father?
答案:D) He was a member of the town council.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。文章中提到莎士比亚的父亲受人尊敬,是Stratford-on-Avon镇议会的一名成员。选项a member of the town council与原文完全对应。

18. Why does the speaker say parts of Shakespeare's life will remain a mystery?
答案:C) Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。文章中提到莎士比亚一部分的生活将永远不为人所知。因为1666年伦敦的一场大火把很多重要文件烧毁了,而这些本来可能是了解莎士比亚的重要线索。所以答案选择Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire。

Passage Two

19. What is mentioned as a most common danger when people go travelling abroad?
答案:A) Theft.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。原文开篇就提到人们在外出旅游时会遇到很多危险,而其中最为常见的就是盗窃。根据所听即所得,可选出正确答案。

20. What is the most important thing to do when you prepare for your trip abroad?
答案:B) Have the right documents.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。原文中提到在准备出国旅游时,一定要确保文件正确,避免出现签证错误、过期护照等情况。因此答案应选正确的文件。选项中的documents与文中的paperwork对应。

21. What does the speaker suggest you do when you arrive at your destination?
答案:B) Use official transport.
【点评】文章最后提到,到达目的地后要选择乘坐正式的交通工具,不要搭乘陌生人的车。选项use official transport和文中完全一致,所听即所得可得出答案。

短文3答案

22. C) Sell inexpensive products.
23. A) At a meeting of top British businesspeople.
24. D) Insulted.
25. B) There should be a limit to one's sense of humour.

听力填空答案

26. prospering
27. decade
28. opposite
29. sustain
30. In simple terms
31. establish
32. reasonably
33. take into account
34. misleading
35. using up

阅读答案

选词填空答案

36. A) announcing
37. K) entitled
38. G) critically
39. L) potential
40. D) commitment
41. H) develop
42. J) enhance
43. O) retain
44. E) component
45. C) challenges

阅读匹配答案

46. K
47. A
48. G
49. I
50. B
51. D
52. E
53. H
54. F
55. J

46. Some people propose laws be made to stop McDonald's from attaching toys to its food specials for children.
47. Fast-food firms may not be able to cope with pressures from food regulation in the near future.
48. Burger King will start to sell Seattle's Best coffee to increase sales.
49. Some fast-food firms provide healthy food to give the impression they are helping to tackle the obesity problem.
50. During the recession, many customers turned to fast food to save money.
51. Many people eat out less often to save money in times of recession.
52. During the recession, Burger King's promotional strategy of offering low-priced items often proved ineffective.
53. Fast-food restaurants can make a lot of money by selling breakfast.
54. Many fast-food companies now expect to increase their revenue by introducing higher-priced items.
55. A newly-passed law asks big fast-food chains to specify the calorie count of what they serve on the menu.

仔细阅读答案

Passage One
56. B) It will protect them from sunburn.
57. A) It is ineffective in preventing melanomas.
58. D) Daily application of sunscreen helps reduce the incidence of melanomas.
59. A) It misleads people to rely on sunscreen for protection.
60. A) Using both covering up and sunscreen.

Passage Two
61. B) Well-educated people tend to work longer.
62. B) A rapid technological advance.
63. A) Economic growth will slow down.
64. C) Even wealthy people must work longer to live comfortably in retirement.
65. D) Skills are highly valued regardless of age.

翻译答案

中国是世界上最古老的文明之一。构成现代世界基础的许多元素起源于中国。中国现在拥有世界上发展最快的经济,并正经历着一次新的工业革命。中国还启动了雄心勃勃的太空探索计划,其中包括到2020年建成的一个太空站。目前,中国是世界最大的出口国之一,并正在吸引大量外国投资。同时,它也在海外投资数十亿美元。2011年,中国超越日本成为世界第二大经济体。

China is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Many elements that make up the foundation of the modern world originated in China. China now is the world's fastest growing economy, and is experiencing a new industrial revolution. China has also launched an ambitious space exploration program which includes a space station in 2020. At present, China is the world's largest exporter, and is attracting a lot of foreign investment. At the same time, it is also investing billions of dollars abroad. In 2011, China overtook Japan to become the world's second largest economy.

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