2015.06.13 CET4四级真题答案(卷一,沪江)

听力真题

Short conversations

1.
W: I’m going to give up playing chess. I lost again today.
M: Just because you lost? Is that any reason to quit?
Q: What does the man imply?

2.
M: Do you know Sally’s new address? She’s got some mail here, and I’d like to forward it to her.
W: Well, we’ve not been in touch for quite a while. Let’s see. Mary should know it.
Q: What does the woman mean?

3.
W: I missed classes this morning. Could you please lend me your notes?
M: My notes? You’ve never see my handwriting, have you?
Q: What does the man imply?

4.
M: I’m taking my girlfriend to the fancy new restaurant for her birthday tonight.
W: I went there last weekend, I found it rather disappointing.
Q: What does the woman mean?

5.
W: Winter is over at last. Time to put away my gloves and boots.
M: I’ve been waiting for this for months.
Q: What does the man mean?

6.
W: Thank you for bringing the books back.
M: I thought you need them over the weekend. Many thanks for letting me use them.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

7.
W: Are you working flexible hours?
M: No, I’m not. The weather today is so nice, so I decided to walk to work, and that meant I had to leave an hour earlier than usual.
Q: What did the man decided to do?

8.
W: Our plane has been circling for a long time. Why the delay?
M: The airport is closed for a while this morning, and things are still not back to normal.

Q: What does the man mean?

Long conversation

长对话一

Woman: Morning, this is TGC!
Man: Good morning, Walter Barry here, calling from London. Could I speak to Mr. Grand, please?
Woman: Who’s calling, please?
Man: Walter Barry, from London.
Woman: What is it about, please?
Man: Well, I understand that your company has a chemical processing plant. My own company LCP, Liquid Control Products, is a leader in safety from leaks in the field of chemical processing. I’d like to speak to Mr. Grand to discuss ways in which we could help TGC to protect itself from such problems and save money at the same time.
Woman: Yes, I see. Well, Mr. Grand is not available just now.
Man: Can you tell me when I could reach him?
Woman: He’s very busy for the next few days. Then he’ll be away in New York. So it’s difficult to give you a time.
Man: Could I speak to someone else, perhaps?
Woman: Who, in particular?
Man: A colleague, for example?
Woman: You are speaking to his personal assistance. I can deal with calls for Mr. Grand.
Man: Yes, well, could I ring him tomorrow?
Woman: No, I’m sorry, he won’t be free tomorrow. Listen, let me suggest something. You send us details of your products and services, together with references from other companies. And then we’ll contact you.
Man: Yes, that’s very kind of you. I have your address.
Woman: Very good, Mr…?
Man: Barry. Walter Barry, from LCP in London.
Woman: Right, Mr. Barry. We look forward to hearing from you.
Man: Thank you, goodbye.
Woman: Bye.

9. What do we learn about the woman’s company?
10. What do we learn about the man?
11. What’s the woman’s position in her company?
12. What does the woman suggest the man do?

Long conversation

长对话二

Man: Miss Yamada, did you ever think that you would find yourself living and working in the western world?
Woman: No, not really, although I’ve always listened to recordings of great orchestras from Europe.
Man: So you enjoyed classical music even when you were very young?
Woman: Oh, yes. I was an only child.
Man: You were born in 1955, is that right?
Woman: Yes, I began violin lessons at school when I was 6.
Man: As young as that, did you like it?
Woman: Oh, yes, very much.
Man: When did you first play on your own? I mean, when did you give your first performance?
Woman: I think I was 8…? No, Nine. I just had my birthday a week before, and my father had bought me a new violin. I played a small piece at the school concert.
Man: Did you know then that you would become a professional violinist?
Woman: Yes, I think so. I enjoy playing the violin very much, and I didn’t mind practicing, sometimes three or four hours a day.
Man: And when did you first come to Europe?
Woman: I was very lucky. When I was fifteen, I won a scholarship to a college in Paris. That was for a three-year course.
Man: How did your parents feel about that?
Woman: I think they were pleased and worried at the same time. It was the chance of a lifetime. But of course I would be thousands of miles from home. Anyway, I studied in Paris for three years and then went back to Tokyo.

13. What do we know about the woman before she went to Europe?
14. What does the woman say about her music experience?
15. What does the woman say about her study in Paris?

Spot Dictation

Looking at the basic biology systems, the world is not doing very well. Yet economic indicators show the world is prospering. Despite a slow start at the beginning of the eighties, global economic output increased by more than a fifth during the decade. The economy grew, trade increased, and millions of new jobs were created. How can biological indicators show the opposite of economic indicators?

The answer is that the economic indicators have a basic fault: they show no difference between resources uses that sustain progress and those uses that will hurt it. The main measure of economic progress is the gross national product (GNP). In simple terms, this totals the value of all goods and services produced and subtracts loss in value of factories and equipment. Developed a half-century ago, GNP helped establish a common way among countries of measuring change in economic output. For some time, this seemed to work reasonably well, but serious weakness are now appearing. As indicated earlier, GNP includes loss in value of factories and equipment, but it does not take into account the loss of natural resources, including nonrenewable resources such as oil or renewable resources such as forests.

This basic fault can produce a misleading sense of national economic health. According to GNP, for example, countries that overcut forest actually do better than those that preserve their forest. The trees cut down are counted as income but no subtraction is made for using up the forests.

Passage One

What makes a person famous? This is a mystery that many people have carefully thought about. All kinds of myths surround the lives of well-known people.

Most people are familiar with the works of William Shakespeare, one of the greatest English writers of the 16th and 17th centuries. Yet how many know Shakespeare the person, the man behind the works?

After centuries of research, scholars are still trying to discover Shakespeare's personal history. It is not easily found in his writings. Authors of the time could not protect their works. An acting company, for example, could change a play if they wanted to. Nowadays, writers have copyrights that protect their work.

Many myths arose about Shakespeare. Some said he had no formal education. Others believe that he began his career by tending the horses of wealthy men. All of these myths are interesting, but are they true? Probably not. Shakespeare's father was a respected man in Stratford-on-Avon, a member of the town council. He sent young William to grammar school. Most people of Elizabethan times did not continue beyond grammar school; so, Shakespeare did have, at least, an average education.

Some parts of Shakespeare's life will always remain unknown. The Great London Fire of l666 burned many important documents that could have been a source of clues. We will always be left with many questions and few facts.

Question 16 What does the speaker say about William Shakespeare?
Question 17 What do we learn about Shakespeare's father?
Question 18 Why does the speaker say parts of Shakespeare's life will remain a mystery?

Passage Two
Wherever you go and for whatever reason, it's important to be safe. While the majority of people you will meet when travelling are sure to be friendly and welcoming, there are dangers-theft being the most common.

Just as in your home country, do not expect everyone you meet to be friendly and helpful. It's important to prepare for your trip in advance and to take precautions while you are travelling. As you prepare for your trip, make sure you have the right paperwork. You don't want to get to your destination only to find you have the wrong visa, or worse, that your passport isn't valid any more. Also, make sure you travel with proper medical insurance, so that if you are sick or injured during your travels, you will be able to get treatment. If you want to drive while you are abroad, make sure you have an international driver's license.

When you get to your destination, use official transport. Always go to bus and taxi stands. Don't accept rides from strangers who offer you a lift. If there is no meter in the taxi, agree on a price before you get in. If you prefer to stay in cheap hotels while travelling, make sure you can lock the door of your room from the inside. Finally, remember to smile. It's the friendliest and most sincere form of communication, and is sure to be understood in any part of the world!

Question 19 What is mentioned as a most common danger when people go travelling abroad?
Question 20 What is the most important thing to do when you prepare for your trip abroad?
Question 21 What does the speaker suggest you do when you arrive at your destination?

Passage 3

The British are supposed to be famous for laughing at themselves, but even their sense of humour has a limit, as the British retailer Gerald Ratner found out to his cost. When Ratner took over his father's chain of 130 jewelry shops in 1984, he introduced a very clear company policy. He decided that his shops should sell down market products at the lowest possible prices. It was a great success. The British public loved his cheap gold earrings and his tasteless silver ornaments. By 1991, Ratner's company had 2,400 shops and it was worth over 680 million pounds. But in April of that year, Gerald Ratner made a big mistake. At a big meeting of top British businesspeople, he suited up and explained the secret of his success. People say "How can we sell our goods for such a low price?" I say "Because they are absolute rubbish." His audience roared with laughter. But the British newspapers and the British public were not so amused. People felt insulted and stayed away from Ratner's shops. Sales fell and 6 months after his speech, Ratner's share price had fallen by 42%. The following year, things got worse and Gerald Ratner was forced to resign. By the end of 1992, he lost his company, his career and his house. Even worse, 25,000 of his employees had lost their jobs. It had been a very expensive joke.

Question 22 What did Gerald Ratner decide to do when he took over his father's shops?
Question 23 On what occasion did Gerald Ratner explained the secret of his success?
Question 24 How did people feel when they leaned of Gerald Ratner's remarks?
Question 25 What does the story of Gerald Ratner suggest?

答案汇总部分

写作答案

The Impact of Mobile Phone Use on Education

The presented picture reflects a common trend in the way people are educated nowadays. In this picture, the mother is going to walk her son to school. But according to the son, he doesn’t really need to go to school since the phone in his hand already knows everything. The picture reveals the impact of mobile phone use on education.

Can mobile phone replace traditional class in school? I don’t think so. First of all, students can develop their own way and habit of learning under the guidance of the teachers, which can benefit their life-long learning. Secondly, every subject of education in school is systematic, such as Chinese, mathematics, science and philosophy. Education should not be considered as information fragments that we randomly collect on the mobile phones. Last but not least, students can have exact face-to-face communication with their teachers and classmates, which will help to cultivate their communicative abilities.

In conclusion, mobile phone use is a convenient way of obtaining information, but it is still necessary that we attend school to get formal education.

听力答案

短对话【答案】

1. A. The woman should go on playing chess.
2. D. Mary probably knows Sally’s new address.
3. B. His notes are not easy to read.
4. D. The man had better choose another restaurant.
5. C. He has been looking forward to spring.
6. B. The man appreciates the woman’s help.
7. B. Go to work on foot.
8. A. Temporary closing has disturbed the airport’s operation.

短对话【点评】

【总评】:8 个短对话总体来说比以往四级听力要难,推理判断题居多,而且今年的听力原文中更倾向于接近真实生活,出现了口语中的省略现象。

1. 主要考查的是推理判断的能力。
本题的关键在于听懂反问句和反问的语调。男士说:“Is that any reason to quit? 这能是你放弃的理由吗?”反问语气表肯定!换句话说,男士的建议是你应该好好继续下棋。

2. 主要考查抓听细节的能力。
本题的关键在于听到细节“Mary should know it. ”男士说自己手边有一堆Sally的信件需要寄给她,所以需要知道她的地址。女士说自己很久没跟Sally联系了,但是结尾说了一句:“Mary应该知道地址。”

3. 主要考查的是推理判断的能力。
这道题同样是一个反义疑问句,表达肯定意思。关键听到男士的那句:“You’ve never see my handwriting, have you?”“你从没看过我的笔迹吧?”话外音可以推理出来就是:我的笔迹很难认,你肯定看不出来我写的是什么笔记。

4. 主要考查的是推理能力。
男士说我今晚要带女朋友去新开的漂亮饭店过生日。女士说我上周去过,太让我失望了。言外之意就是建议男士不要去这家饭馆了。

5. 主要考查的是抓听细节和推理判断的能力。
本题首先听到女士开头说的:“冬天终于结束了。”和男士结尾说:“我等了好几个月了啊。”显然是男士非常期待冬天快点结束,春天快点到来。

6. 主要考查的是抓听细节能力。
关键听到男士说的那句:Many thanks for letting me use them. 太感谢你让我看他们了。thank和选项中的appreciate为同义词。

7. 主要考查的是抓听细节能力。
本题是典型的动作判断题。通过选项全是动词短语就可判断应该抓听动词。而本题最关键的是细节:I decided to walk to work.和选项中的Go on foot. 为同义表达。

8. 主要考查的是抓听细节的能力
本题关键是听到男士的话:男士说今早机场关闭了一段时间了,而且仍然没恢复正常。其中的closed for a while和选项中的Temporary closing同义。

长对话一
9. C. It has a chemical processing plant.
10. D. He’s a salesman.
11. C. Mr. Grand’s personal assistance.
12. B. Provide details of their products and services.

长对话二
13. A. She listened to recordings of many European orchestras.
14. D. She began taking violin lessons as a small child.
15. A. It was the chance of a lifetime.

长对话 点评

【总评】
今年的长对话沿袭了近年来四级听力的风格,一篇是工作相关类;一篇是正式访谈类。

长对话一:
主要讲了一位化学产品公司的推销员想要向其他公司推荐自家公司产品的过程。 对话开头男士先表明自己的身份和想要推荐产品的意图,但遇到的问题是男士需要找的Mr. Grand非常忙,没空处理这件事。女士作为Mr. Grand的助理开始处理,问题的最终解决是要求男士提供自己家产品的详细介绍邮寄过来。

这是典型四级听力工作类长对话的模式:先工作方面的介绍,然后谈到工作中遇到的问题,最后是问题的解决。分别设置了这3个考点。相对而言,工作类考题比较难的地方在于部分词汇会造成干扰:例如,公司名Liquid Control Products,chemical processing, personal assistance, reference等,但除了personal assistance直接与考点相关外,其他单词没听懂考生也应完全不纠结。而personal assistance在选项中为所听即所得。

因此,总体而言,这篇长对话与往年难度持平。

长对话二:
本篇长对话作为正式访谈类的听力,一开始采访人从女士是否想过会在西方社会圈生活和工作作为切入点进行了一个热身;紧接着,女士回答自己一直对欧洲的音乐有所关注,采访人就顺着这个点提到女士目前作为专业小提琴演奏家职业相关的情况,从而提到女士最早来到欧洲的原因是获得巴黎奖学金留学的机会。

长对话二非常简单,基本上没有生词,结合日常生活经验也可以比较顺理成章地理解一位亚洲日本小提琴家的成长之路:年幼开始学琴,从小对音乐有研究,有过欧洲留学经历,最终进入欧洲社会圈。

短文1答案

16. B) His personal history is little known.
17. D) He was a member of the town council.
18. C) Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire.

短文2答案

19. A) Theft.
20. B) Have the right documents.
21. B) Use official transport.

短文1&2 点评

Passage One

16. What does the speaker say about William Shakespeare?
答案:B) His personal history is little known.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。文章中作者先提出“有多少人了解莎士比亚本人”的问题,接着指出各学者经过几个世纪的研究之后,仍然在不断探索发现他的个人史。由此可知,莎士比亚的个人史很少有人知道。

17. What do we learn about Shakespeare's father?
答案:D) He was a member of the town council.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。文章中提到莎士比亚的父亲受人尊敬,是Stratford-on-Avon镇议会的一名成员。选项a member of the town council与原文完全对应。

18. Why does the speaker say parts of Shakespeare's life will remain a mystery?
答案:C) Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。文章中提到莎士比亚一部分的生活将永远不为人所知。因为1666年伦敦的一场大火把很多重要文件烧毁了,而这些本来可能是了解莎士比亚的重要线索。所以答案选择Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire。

Passage Two

19. What is mentioned as a most common danger when people go travelling abroad?
答案:A) Theft.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。原文开篇就提到人们在外出旅游时会遇到很多危险,而其中最为常见的就是盗窃。根据所听即所得,可选出正确答案。

20. What is the most important thing to do when you prepare for your trip abroad?
答案:B) Have the right documents.
【点评】本题考查事实细节。原文中提到在准备出国旅游时,一定要确保文件正确,避免出现签证错误、过期护照等情况。因此答案应选正确的文件。选项中的documents与文中的paperwork对应。

21. What does the speaker suggest you do when you arrive at your destination?
答案:B) Use official transport.
【点评】文章最后提到,到达目的地后要选择乘坐正式的交通工具,不要搭乘陌生人的车。选项use official transport和文中完全一致,所听即所得可得出答案。

短文3答案

22. C) Sell inexpensive products.
23. A) At a meeting of top British businesspeople.
24. D) Insulted.
25. B) There should be a limit to one's sense of humour.

听力填空答案

26. prospering
27. decade
28. opposite
29. sustain
30. In simple terms
31. establish
32. reasonably
33. take into account
34. misleading
35. using up

阅读答案

选词填空答案

36. H. passively
37. F. harmful
38. I. previously
39. L. surfing
40. C. decade
41. A. climbed
42. G. outcomes
43. E. effective
44. B. consume
45. D. determine

长篇阅读答案
46. F
47. B
48. M
49. C
50. E
51. Q
52. G
53. P
54. J
55. D

题干:
46. Some professionals in education are collecting signatures to voice their opposition to automated essay grading.
47. Using software to grade students’ essays saves teachers time for other work.
48. The Hewlett contests aim at improving essay grading software.
49. Though the automated grading system is widely used in multiple-choice tests, automated essay grading is still criticized by many educators.
50. Some people don’t believe the software grading system can do as good a job as human graders.
51. Critics of automated essay scoring do not seem to know the true realities in less famous universities.
52. Critics argue many important aspects of effective writing cannot be measured by computer rating programs.
53. As class size grows, most teachers are unable to give students valuable comments as to how to improve their writing.
54. The automated assessment technology is sometimes used to double check the work of human graders.
55. Students find instant feedback helps improve their learning considerably.

Passage One
56. D – People with no college degree do not easily find work.
57. B – A rapid technological advance
58. A – Economic growth will slow down
59. C – Even wealthy people must work longer to live comfortably in retirement.
60. D – Skills are highly valued regardless of age.

Passage Two
61. C – The decline of the grain yield growth.
62. A – Their self-sufficiency is vital to the stability of world food markets.
63. D – They force more on the increase of animal feed than food grains.
64. D – The world will be able to feed its population without increasing farmland.
65. B – It is based on a doubtful assumption.

翻译答案

在西方人心目中,和中国联系最为密切的基本食物是大米。长期以来,大米在中国人的饮食中占据很重要的地位,以至于有谚语说“巧妇难为无米之炊”。中国南方大多数种植水稻,人们通常以大米为食;而华北大部分地区因为过于寒冷或过于干燥,无法种植水稻,那里的主要作物是小麦。在中国,有些人用面粉做面包,但大多数人用面粉做馒头和面条。

In the mind of Westerners, Chinese people have the closest connection to rice, basic food for the Chinese. For a long time, rice occupies a very important position in the Chinese diet. There is even a saying that "even a clever housewife cannot cook a meal without rice". People in south China plant and live on rice, while people in the most parts of North China cannot plant rice due to excessively dry and cold weather. The main crop there is wheat. In China, some people use flour to bake bread, while most people make steamed bread and noodles with flour.

点评:
1. 词汇点评:本篇翻译中国特有的词汇考查较多,比如大米和水稻(rice)、小麦(wheat)、面粉(flour)、馒头(steamed bread)、面条(noodles)。

2. 谚语考察:这是今年最难的一句话,因为上下文限制,最恰当的翻译必须翻出rice,这就意味着不能意译,但是“巧妇”的处理需要稍加解释(clever housewife)。

3. 语法考查:最高级、无主句、对比关系(两处)等考察也是年年必考,同学们备考时这些语法点要多加练习。

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