英语四级CET4写作模拟04

Directions: Write a composition entitled My Views on Examination. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 大学都用考试来衡量学生的成缋
2. 考试可能带来的副作用
3. 我对考试的看法

【经典范文】

My Views on Examination

Nowadays the examination is used as a chief means of deciding whether a student succeeds or fails in mastering a particular subject in most colleges and universities. Although it is efficient, its side effects are also enormous.
  
On the one hand, examinations lower the standards of teaching. Since teachers are often judged by examination results, they are reduced to training their students in exam techniques. Nosubjectsjcan.be taught successfullywith jjntenttojtake.examinations. On the other hand, the most undesirable effect is that examinations encourage bad study habits. A the examinations corejis the only criterion for his academic performance students driven to memorize mechanically rather than to think creatively.
  
In fact, few of us admit that examinations can contribute anything really important to the students’ academic development. If that is the case, why cannot we make a change and devise something more efficient and reliable than examinations? (153 words)

【译文赏析】 我对考试的看法
现在在大多数学院和大学,考试被用来衡量学生在学习某门课程上 是成功还是失败的主要方法。虽然这很有效,但它也有很大的副作用。
一方面,考试降低了教学标准。由于经常通过考试成绩来评判老师, 他们就会降低要求至只训练学生的考试技巧。以参加考试为目标的话, 没有课程能被成功地教授。另一方面,最有害的影响就是,考试助长了 学生不好的学习习惯。由于考试成绩是评断他学习表现的唯一标准,学 生被迫机械地记忆,而不是进行创造性的思考。
事实上,我们中很少有人承认考试对学生学业的发展有任何真正重 要的作用。如果真的是这样的话,为什么我们不做个改变,设计出一些 比考试更有效更可靠的东西呢?

【词汇表达亮点】
chief adj.主要的 criterion n.标准
master v.掌握 mechanically adv.机械地
side effect 副作用 creatively adv.创造性地
enormous adj.巨大的 contribute to 为 做贡献
intent n.意图,意向 devise v. 设计
undesirable adj.不良的 reliable adj.可靠的

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